James_Lecture_16_Intelligence___student_version

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Intelligence PSY 2012 03.18.08
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What is intelligence? Scientists don’t always agree Socially constructed concept that differs Between researchers “Intelligence is what intelligence tests measure.” Between cultures
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A textbook definition Ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations One major debate: Is this one ability or several?
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General Intelligence Charles Spearman and ‘g’ Proposed that intelligence is comprised of one ability that underlies other abilities G – general ability S – specific abilities E.g., spatial ability, reasoning ability
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Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner (1983) Spearman’s g too simplistic Different types of intelligence not all directly related to one another Prodigies Savants
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Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Linguistic Intelligence Logical-mathematical Intelligence Spatial Intelligence Musical Intelligence Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence Intrapersonal Intelligence Don’t need to memorize!
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Measuring Intelligence: The Beginning Early measures (mid 1800’s) were a bit interesting! Muscular strength Size of your head Reaction speed
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Alfred Binet Origins of Modern Intelligence Testing The first Intelligence Test mental age Revised Binet’s test for California schools Stanford – Binet Stanford – Binet test Lewis Terman
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Abuse of intelligence testing
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IQ: “Intelligence Quotient” Formula: Mental Age Chronological Age X 100 = IQ Intelligence Scores: Early Conceptualization Intelligence Scores: Early Conceptualization
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Examples Mental age= 8 Chronological age=10 IQ=80 Mental age = 10 Chronological age= 8 IQ=125 Smart children have ________ age higher than __________ age
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Is IQ still used? Absolutely!!
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Waesche during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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James_Lecture_16_Intelligence___student_version -...

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