James_Lecture_15_thinking___language___student_version

James_Lecture_15_thinking___language___student_version -...

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Unformatted text preview: Thinking & Language PSY 2012 Cognition Language Thinking & Language Cognition All the mental activities associated with processing, understanding, remembering, & communicating. Cognitive psychologists study: Concept formation Problem-solving Decision making Judgment formation __________ Mental groupings of similar objects ___________ Best example that incorporates the features of a category Things that don’t fit the prototype may cause classification problems Example: heart attack 2 strategies _______ _______- - Solve the problem by trial and error. Go through all possible solutions to the problem until you hit the right one. ________ ________- - Use a ‘rule of thumb’ to guide you into finding the right solution. Problem-solving Problem-solving Algorithms are slow and inefficient, most likely to produce a ________ ________ . Heuristics are fast Most likely to produce an ______ ______ Methods of problem solving Methods of problem solving The Nine-Dot Problem connect all of the dots with four straight lines four straight lines without raising your pencil In contrast to strategy-based solutions is: In contrast to strategy-based solutions is: ________ ________ : sudden realization of the solution to a problem Methods of problem solving Methods of problem solving...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Waesche during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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James_Lecture_15_thinking___language___student_version -...

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