James_Lecture_14_Memory___student_version

James_Lecture_14_Memory___student_version - Memory PSY 2012...

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Memory PSY 2012 3.04.08 Information Processing Model Information Processing Model Stages of Memory Stages of Memory Problems with Memory Problems with Memory
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Memory The persistence of _________ over time Information Processing Analogy: Brain is like a computer
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Information Processing Remembering any event requires: 1) _______ (getting info into brain; processing into memory) 2) ________ (retaining it) 3) ________ (getting it back out of storage)
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Sensory memory Fleeting first stage Short-term memory Attention Long-term memory Storage Three Stages of Memory
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1) Encoding (Getting Info in) Ways of Processing _________ : unconscious encoding; don’t have to consciously process What did you have for dinner last night? “Seeing” place in textbook where forgotten material is vs. ________ : requires attention and conscious effort Learning new concepts
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How do we increase the chance our ‘effort’ pays off (that we’re able to get information into our brain)? Rehearsal : conscious repetition e.g., getting phone number from 411 Spacing : we learn things better when spaced over time rather than all at once i.e., Don’t cram!! Organizing
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James_Lecture_14_Memory___student_version - Memory PSY 2012...

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