James_Lecture_12_states_of_consciousness_student_version

James_Lecture_12_states_of_consciousness_student_version -...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Consciousness PSY 2012 2/21/08
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Goals Levels of consciousness Conscious Subconscious Unconscious Altered States of consciousness Sleep/Dreaming Hypnosis? Drugs Near-Death experiences
Image of page 2
What is consciousness? Our awareness of ourselves and our environment Different levels of waking consciousness: - automatic (subconscious) processes - conscious awareness Driving to a familiar place Having to drive on the “wrong” side
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Waking Consciousness cont’d: Daydreaming Daydreaming can be beneficial: Keeps us aware of unfinished business Rehearsal for upcoming tasks, situations Allows for creative thought
Image of page 4
A penny for your thoughts… Consciousness field study (Shaw, 1981) Set up tables in NYC Offered a penny to people for their thoughts Most common thoughts Immediate environment Work Love
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
___________ ___________ : awareness of sensations, thoughts, and feelings at a particular time Consciousness & Attention Consciousness & Attention Changes in attention (e.g., with drugs) lead to changes in the contents and qualities of consciousness. Consciousness is what you attend to at a particular moment
Image of page 6
_________ ______: _________ ______: the ability to attend to one stimulus and ignore others Attention Attention __________ _______ __________ _______ _____________: _____________: selective attention to one conversation From last time…
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
attention: attention: the ability to distribute attention and simultaneously attend to two or more stimuli or tasks This is easier to do if one of the tasks is automatic. Attention Attention
Image of page 8
Attention, Cell Phones, and Driving Research suggests that cell phones (even with hands-free headsets) limit attention. This results in poor driving. Reaction times are slower More accidents Attention Attention
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ADHD ?
Image of page 10
Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939): particularly interested in unconscious processes The unconscious The unconscious _____________ _____________ : thoughts, feelings, and wishes that are kept out of conscious - often unacceptable (e.g., violence, sex) Questions about levels of consciousness?
Image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sleep Sleep Why do we sleep? Why do we sleep? Sleep patterns Sleep patterns Circadian Rhythms Circadian Rhythms Sleep disorders Sleep disorders
Image of page 12
Why do we sleep? Why do we sleep? ___________ ___________ Theory Theory - The purpose of sleep is to restore depleted reserves of energy, repair cells and consolidate memories Shapiro (1981) - People competing an ultramarathon slept for 1.5 hours longer than normal following the race.
Image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Why do we sleep?
Image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern