James_Lecture_12_states_of_consciousness_student_version

James_Lecture_12_states_of_consciousness_student_version -...

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Consciousness PSY 2012 2/21/08
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Goals Levels of consciousness Conscious Subconscious Unconscious Altered States of consciousness Sleep/Dreaming Hypnosis? Drugs Near-Death experiences
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What is consciousness? Our awareness of ourselves and our environment Different levels of waking consciousness: - automatic (subconscious) processes - conscious awareness Driving to a familiar place Having to drive on the “wrong” side
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Waking Consciousness cont’d: Daydreaming Daydreaming can be beneficial: Keeps us aware of unfinished business Rehearsal for upcoming tasks, situations Allows for creative thought
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A penny for your thoughts… Consciousness field study (Shaw, 1981) Set up tables in NYC Offered a penny to people for their thoughts Most common thoughts Immediate environment Work Love
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___________ ___________ : awareness of sensations, thoughts, and feelings at a particular time Changes in attention (e.g., with drugs) lead to changes in the contents and qualities of consciousness. Consciousness is what you attend to at a particular moment
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_________ ______: _________ ______: the ability to attend to one stimulus and ignore others Attention Attention __________ _______ __________ _______ _____________: _____________: selective attention to one conversation From last time…
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attention: attention: the ability to distribute attention and simultaneously attend to two or more stimuli or tasks This is easier to do if one of the tasks is automatic. Attention Attention
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Attention, Cell Phones, and Driving Research suggests that cell phones (even with hands-free headsets) limit attention. This results in poor driving. Reaction times are slower More accidents Attention Attention
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ADHD ?
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Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939): particularly interested in unconscious processes The unconscious The unconscious _____________ _____________ : thoughts, feelings, and wishes that are kept out of conscious - often unacceptable (e.g., violence, sex) Questions about levels of consciousness?
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Sleep Sleep Why do we sleep? Why do we sleep? Sleep patterns Sleep patterns Circadian Rhythms Circadian Rhythms Sleep disorders Sleep disorders
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Why do we sleep? Why do we sleep? ___________ ___________ Theory Theory - The purpose of sleep is to restore depleted reserves of energy, repair cells and consolidate memories Shapiro (1981) - People competing an ultramarathon slept for 1.5 hours longer than normal following the race.
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Why do we sleep? Why do we sleep?
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Waesche during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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James_Lecture_12_states_of_consciousness_student_version -...

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