phil 103 discussion notes.docx - 9\/4(lecture from 8\/29 9\/3 Petrarch and Pico della Mirandola Medieval Christian thought\u2014only way to heaven is denial

phil 103 discussion notes.docx - 9/4(lecture from 8/29...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 13 pages.

9/4 (lecture from 8/29; 9/3); Petrarch and Pico della MirandolaMedieval Christian thought—only way to heaven is denial of earthly pleasuresStudy and learn; not about world but only Christian textsIf die rich, no heavenAmbrose—Aquinas— scholasticism; long works w reasoning through theological questions; argumentative; PeopleAugustine—Datini— gave money to poor (medieval Christian thought)Chrysoloares—Factors leading to renaissance (northern Italy)Black death—half pop dead, space in cities (move to urban), social mobilityRediscovery of ancient textsoFall of Constantinople; scholars flee to Italy and bring ancient thought/text, Greeklanguage (had disappeared in W roman empire)In Tuscany very educated (70% literacy rate); good base for changes in thinkingWhat is RenaissanceNeoplatonism—human can and should perfect themselves in knowledge of world, creation of artifacts/artThe way to praise god is to better themselvesArtists seen as on different level, closer to godRediscovery of antiquity—renaissance sense of pastBelieved creations in past were better; try to reclaim knowledgeThus, they try to find texts (philolology) and translate to understandHumanism-- humans are important and can do good things; study on ancient textsChange from only focusing only on afterlife to trying to
Background image
TextsPetrarchTries to go easier way up mtnEasy path is worldly things; straight path (heaven)—morally sound lifeLooks back into past “foul actions (earthly pleasures),” wants to use them to praise godoRecognizes passions are badoTorn inside bc not yet gotten rid of pleasures, but now there is voice in him which tells him he should not have those; has desires but is ashamed“I still love it, but w heaviness of heart”Augustine—“men wonder and look at nature, but they never look into themselves”Men should look inward in reflectionReflects on way downConnection to renaissance thinkingoIdea of human perfection—reflection down the mtnoLooking into soul—humans aren’t all badoPetrarch reread ancient texts (ex: Livy’s history of Rome)—renaissance sense of pastTo get better, you should read things from the pastThings are bad at present, contemporaries are not helpful, look to old way of life for guidanceoCiceronian thought: knowledge through dialoguePicoHumans have potential to do/be anythingoCreated by god w free will; can chose high life or low lifeoAttitude towards humans should be admiration (opposite of medieval religious thought)Part of mission on earth is to enjoy outside worldoOpposite of petrarch’s ideas of inner reflection
Background image
oDistinction between admiring nature and human passions/earthly pleasuresNo earthly pleasures doesn’t mean you can admire creationUse freedom to study, learn texts from antiquity from people who were close to god to figure out how to love god properlyoTame passion, become reasonable, learn from ancient figuresSources from Hebrews, Mohammad, Pythagoreans; all different but in support of same claimso
Background image
Image of page 4

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture