10:29 notes.docx - Nikolaus Copurnicus 1473-1543 Krakow Poland Scientific revolution begins w him in early 1500s(in early humanism Working at real

10:29 notes.docx - Nikolaus Copurnicus 1473-1543 Krakow...

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Nikolaus Copurnicus 1473-1543, Krakow, Poland Scientific revolution begins w him in early 1500s (in early humanism) Working at real catholic university in Poland Writes book on movement of planets— Move around sun, by mathematical forces that he starts to calculate o Helliocentrism— planets move around sun (not around earth) o Aristotle and ptolemy, Catholic church decided its dogma— 7 heavens, all glass/crystal domes; 7th one was actual perfect dome/heaven; anything in heaven was unearthly and perfect and unchanging completely o Copernicus, by using mathematics to find out this wasn’t true o Title of book “hypothesis”; didn’t get in trouble— not dogma, accepts what church says, book is just mathematical scientific finding; not critiquing dogma, just giving his findings/hypothesis; his hypothesis does not have authority of dogma Humanist popes— serious interest in these matters; as long as work didn’t threaten structure of church, they could enjoy it Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 Justus Sustermans Capernicus changed world of science, not the world; just science, science doesn't explain bigger things o Dogma and authority and church is the authority that explains bigger things Neoplatonism— who is authority; what is authority Painting— smile, smirk; skeptical; confident Writes Sidereus Nuncius 1610 the Starry messenger— about the movement of planets o Dedicates book to Medicis Galileo’s Telescopes 1608-1610 o Making telescopes; technological center of the world (Florence, Venice, and N Italy)
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o from Florence, moving to Venice to Padua University, has great technology to make lenses o
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