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Created by Professor William Tam & Dr. Phillis Chang Ch. 2 - Chapter 2 Chapter 2 Families of Carbon Families of Carbon Compounds Compounds Functional Groups, Intermolecular Forces, & Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy
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About The Authors About The Authors These Powerpoint Lecture Slides were created and prepared by Professor  William Tam and his wife Dr. Phillis Chang.   Professor William Tam received his B.Sc. at the University of Hong Kong in  1990 and his Ph.D. at the University of Toronto (Canada) in 1995.  He was an  NSERC postdoctoral fellow at the Imperial College (UK) and at Harvard  University (USA).  He joined the Department of Chemistry at the University of  Guelph (Ontario, Canada) in 1998 and is currently a Full Professor and  Associate Chair in the department.  Professor Tam has received several  awards in research and teaching, and according to  Essential Science  Indicators , he is currently ranked as the Top 1% most cited Chemists  worldwide.  He has published four books and over 80 scientific papers in top  international journals such as  J. Am. Chem. Soc., Angew. Chem., Org. Lett.,  and  J. Org. Chem.   Dr. Phillis Chang received her B.Sc. at New York University (USA) in 1994, her  M.Sc. and Ph.D. in 1997 and 2001 at the University of Guelph (Canada).  She  lives in Guelph with her husband, William, and their son, Matthew. Ch. 2
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Ch. 2 - 1. Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons  are compounds that  contain only  carbon  and  hydrogen   atoms Alk ane s hydrocarbons that do not have  multiple bonds between carbon  atoms pent ane cyclohex ane e.g.
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Ch. 2 - Alk ene s contain at least one carbon–carbon double bond prop ene cyclohex ene e.g.
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Ch. 2 - Alk yne s contain at least one carbon–carbon triple bond eth yne 1-pent yne e.g. C C H H 2-pent yne
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Ch. 2 - Aromatic compound contain a special type of ring,  the most common example of  which is a benzene ring benzene toluene e.g. benzoic acid CH 3 COOH
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Ch. 2 - 1A. 1A. Alkanes Alkanes The primary sources of alkanes are natural gas  and  petroleum The smaller alkanes (methane through  butane) are gases under ambient conditions Methane  is the principal component of  natural gas Higher molecular weight alkanes are  obtained largely by refining petroleum H H H H Methane
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Ch. 2 - 1B. 1B. Alkenes Alkenes Ethene and propene, the two simplest  alkenes, are among the most important  industrial chemicals produced in the United  States Ethene  is used as a starting material for the  synthesis of many industrial compounds,  including  ethanol ethylene oxide ethanal and the polymer  polyethylene C C H H H H Ethene
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Ch. 2 - Propene
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