chap11solomons

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Created by Ch. 11 - Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Alcohols & Ethers
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About The Authors About The Authors These Powerpoint Lecture Slides were created and prepared by Professor  William Tam and his wife Dr. Phillis Chang.   Professor William Tam received his B.Sc. at the University of Hong Kong in  1990 and his Ph.D. at the University of Toronto (Canada) in 1995.  He was an  NSERC postdoctoral fellow at the Imperial College (UK) and at Harvard  University (USA).  He joined the Department of Chemistry at the University of  Guelph (Ontario, Canada) in 1998 and is currently a Full Professor and  Associate Chair in the department.  Professor Tam has received several  awards in research and teaching, and according to  Essential Science  Indicators , he is currently ranked as the Top 1% most cited Chemists  worldwide.  He has published four books and over 80 scientific papers in top  international journals such as  J. Am. Chem. Soc., Angew. Chem., Org. Lett.,  and  J. Org. Chem.   Dr. Phillis Chang received her B.Sc. at New York University (USA) in 1994, her  M.Sc. and Ph.D. in 1997 and 2001 at the University of Guelph (Canada).  She  lives in Guelph with her husband, William, and their son, Matthew. Ch. 11
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Ch. 11 - OH OH OH 1. Alcohols have a  hydroxyl  (–OH) group  bonded to a  saturated  carbon atom  (sp 3  hybridized) 1 o 2 3 o Ethanol 2-Propanol (isopropyl alcohol) 2-Methyl- 2-propanol ( tert -butyl alcohol)
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Ch. 11 - OH OH OH 2-Propenol (allyl alcohol) 2-Propynol (propargyl alcohol) Benzyl alcohol
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Ch. 11 - Phenols Compounds that have a hydroxyl  group attached  directly  to a  benzene ring OH Phenol OH 4-Methylphenol OH 2-Chlorophenol Cl H 3 C
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Ch. 11 - Ethers The oxygen atom of an ether is  bonded to two carbon atoms Diethyl ether tert -Butyl methyl ether Divinyl ether O O CH 3 O O Ethyl phenyl ether
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Ch. 11 - 1A. 1A. Nomenclature of Alcohols Nomenclature of Alcohols Rules of naming alcohols Identify the longest carbon chain  that includes the carbon to which  the –OH group is attached Use the lowest number for the  carbon to which the –OH group is  attached Alcohol as parent (suffix) ending with “ ol
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Ch. 11 - Examples OH OH OH OH 2-Propanol (isopropyl alcohol) 1,2,3-Butanetriol
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Ch. 11 - Example OH OH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 OH 1 2 5 4 3 6 7 8 or wrong 3-Propyl-2-heptan ol
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Ch. 11 - 1 1B. 1B.
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chap11solomons - Chapter11 Alcohols&Ethers Createdby

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