Formula Sheet

Formula Sheet - Aqua Ammine Methylamine Carbonyl Nitrosyl...

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Aqua H2O Ammine NH3 Methylamine CH3 NH2 Carbonyl CO Nitrosyl NO Fluoro F- Chloro Cl- Bromo Br- Iodo I- Hydroxo OH- Cyano CN- Iron Ferr ate Copper Cupr ate Lead Plu mba Silver Arge ntat Gold Aura te Tin Stan nate (L spin)SF: CN->NP2->en>NH3>H2O>F->Cl->Br->I- :WF (h spin) octahedral Hall process - Al uminum Haber process - ammonia Ostwald process- nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen Kp=K(R(0.08206)T) n P=CR(0.08206)T(K) P=n(RT/V) n /2sin =d λ Θ n =2dsin λ Θ Ch16 S = k ln(W) k - Boltzmann constant = R/NA = 1.38066 x 10-23 J/K W - number of microstates or “arrangements” S universe = S Δ system + S Δ sur oundings S Δ sur = – H/T Δ S Δ univ = – G/T Δ G = H – T S Δ Δ Δ Δ reaction = npS° Σ products – nrS° Σ reactants G° = H° – T S° Δ Δ Δ Δ reaction = npG° Σ products – nrG° Σ reactants G = G° + RT ln(Q) Δ Δ G = 0 = G° + RT ln(K) Δ Δ G° = –RT ln(K) Δ ln(K) = - H° / RT + T S° / RT Δ Δ ln(K) = -( H°/R)(1/T) + S°/R Δ Δ ln(K2 / K1) = -( H°/R)( (1/T2) - (1/T1) ) Δ Ch17 Oxidation occurs at the anode. Reduction occurs at the cathode ex Fe(s) | Fe2+(aq) || MnO4-(aq), Mn2+, H+ | Pt(s) Anode Cathode = -w / q ε -w = q ε -w max = ε max q G° = –nF ° Δ ε F = 96485 C/mol e– G = G° + RTln(Q) G ° = –nF ° ε G = –nF ε –nF = –nF ° + RTln(Q) ε ε = ° - (RT/nF)ln(Q) ε ε = ° – (0.0591/n)log(Q) ε ε or ° = (0.0591/n)log(K) ε *** 1)amp x sec=C 2)C x 1mol e/96485= mol e 3)mol e x 1 mol sub/mol e = mol of sub 4)mol of sub x g/mol = g Ch 13 Kp = K(R (0.08026)T) n Δ Q = K; The system is at equilibrium. No shift wil occur. Q > K; The system shifts to the left. Q < K; The system shifts to the right. Pressure: The system wil shift away from the added gaseous component. If a component is removed, the opposite effect occurs. Addition of inert gas does not affect the equilibrium position. Decreasing the volume shifts the equilibrium toward the side with fewer moles of gas. Ch 14
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Formula Sheet - Aqua Ammine Methylamine Carbonyl Nitrosyl...

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