NeuroAnatomy 4366 - memramm NAS lO-testl l. Papilledema...

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Unformatted text preview: memramm NAS lO-testl l. Papilledema means ,, a) loss of cerebellar motor function. b) swollen optic discs. ‘ c) enlarged ventricular spaces. (1) bleeding into the pituitary gland. . Cell bodies of preganglionic sympathetic neurons are in the Q Lateral horn. b) Ventral horn c) Dorsal horn. d) Hook'em horn. . Receptors in muscles, joints and tendons produce awareness of posture and movement called a) proprioception. b) interoception. c) exteroception. d) analgesia. . Which of these is a descending spinal cord tract? a) ventral spinocerebellar tract. b) dorsal spinocerebellar tract. 0) anterior spinothalamic tract. d) lateral corticospinal tract. .14 y . The mnemonic SLUDGE is used to remember the symptoms of a) myasthenia gravis. b) brachial plexus injury. c) blockage of cerebrospinal flow. d) None of the above. . Injury to the spinothalamic tract would affect what neurologic function the most? a) Vibration perception b) Pain perception c) Limb strength. d) Sympathetic function. 7. Symptoms of neuromuscular blockade in myasthenia gravis include a) loss of Vision. b) double vision. 0) confusion. d) all of the above . Reabsorption of CSF takes place in the a) falx cerebelli b) falx cerebri c) arachnoid villi d) pineal gland . Inflammation of the meninges from infection with Viruses or bacteria is called a) meningismus. b) meningitis. c) meninogoencephalocele. d) meningocele. emigre . The spinal cord passes through what opening as it enters the skull? a) foramen magnum b) foramen lacerum c) foramen spinosa d) inferior orbital fissure. . The substantia gelatinosa is the 21) Exit path of spinal motor neurons. b) Entry path of spinal motor neurons. c) Exit path of spinal pain pathways. d) Entry path of spinal pain pathways. . Loss of anterior horn cells causes a) profound weakness b) loss of tone and reflexes c) atrophy d) All of the above. . The combination of a neuron and the muscle fibers it innervates is a a) functional unit. b) motor unit. c) cell assenbly d) simple neural circuit “e 14. Polymyositis is aX/an acute polyradiculopathy due to heavy metal poisoning. ' b) an inherited muscle degenerative disease. 9/ a chronic infection of the spinal cord. (1) an immune disorder'of muscle. . Damage to the lateral corticospinal tract would affect what neurologic function the most? a) Vibration perception b) Pain perception c) Limb strength. d) Sympathetic function. . A vitamin taken during pregnancy that can prevent spina bifidaais a) Thiamine. b) Vitamin B12. c) Folate. d) All of the above can prevent spina bifida. . Within a peripheral nerve, bundles of nerve fibers are surrounded by a) epineurium. b) perineurium. C) endoneurium. d) metaneurium. . Damage to the intermediolateral cell column (lateral horn) would affect what neurologic function the most? a) Vibration perception b) Pain perception c) Limb strength. d) Sympathetic function. 19. Primary (first—order) afferent neurons for touch in the knee have their cell bodies in the L K a) ipsilateral spinal gray matter. 3,13”) contralateral spinal gray matter. 0) ipsilateral ganglia adjacent to the. spinal cord. Md)’ contralateral ganglia adjacent to the spinal cord. M 20. Developmentally, the cerebral cortex derives from the a) telencephalon. b) diencephalon. c) metencephalon. mylencephalon. 21. A congenitally tethered spinal cord causes problems because a) the spinal cord grows faster than the vertebral body. b) the spinal cord grows slower than the vertebral body. c) the spinal cord ends at T12 in adults. none of the above. 22. The group of skeletal muscles innervated by a single spinal nerve is a a) dermatome. b) metronome. c) Superdome. d) myotome. i 23. If two structures are on the same side of the nervous system they are a) ipsilateral. b) contralateral. c) dorsoventral. d) ventrodorsal. 24. How much did you study for this test? a) 15 minutes. b) 15 hours. 0) 15 days. d) What test? 25. What fiber tract decussates (crosses) just after entry from the dorsal root ganglia? a) corticospinal tract b) spinothalamic tract c) dorsal column d) all of the above 26. The thinnest and weakest part of the meninges is the a) dura mater. b) arachnoid. c) pia mater d) alma mater 27. The lateral and median apertures are holes through “3 which ' a) the middle meningeal artery passes. b) the pituitary gland is attached to the hypothalamus. x the optic nerve enters the brain. cerebrospinal fluid flows. ’ NASlO-testl Version A 28. The cerebellum. a) second ventricle b) third ventricle c) fourth ventricle d) lateral ventricle is located between the brain stem and the 29. Penetrating injury (knife) to the lateral spinal cord would FIRST damage a) the spinocerebellar fibers. b) the dorsal column fibers arising from the sacrum. c) the spinothalamic tract fibers arising from the cervical region. d) the cell bodies of Clarke‘s column. 30. Primary efferent neurons convey information a) into the CNS b) Away from the CNS c) To spinal motor neurons d) Away from spinal motor neurons 31. A young boy noted mild progressive weakness and numbness distally in upper extremities for a year. He had bilateral weakness and wasting of intrinsic hand muscles, pain and temperature loss from C3 to T8 bilaterally but normal vibration perception, areflexia in upper limbs, and brisk lower limb reflexes. Most likely diagnosis is a) spinal syrinx b) hemicord syndrome c) transverse myelitis d) bilateral radiculopathy . Injury to the dorsal columns by chronic infection will produce a) microcephaly. b) meningitis. c) tabes dorsalis. d) hydrocephalus. . The medulla, pons, and midbrain collectively are known as the a) corpus striatum. b) basal ganglia. c) cerebellum. d) brainstem. . The sheet that spans the corpus callosum and fornix in the midline and separates the anterior horns of the lateral ventricles is the a) tentorium cerebelli lamina terminalis c) falx cerebri septum pellucidum .9" 35. Somites in the developing spinal cord go on to form a) most neurons and glial cells of the PNS b) the ventral horn. c) Unmyelinated axons. d) the vertebra. Page 2 NAS lO-testl 36. A construction worker fell today and now has severe mid back pain. He has trouble feeling both legs and moving the right one. Exam shows decreased pinprick and temperature sensattion in the left leg, decreased proprioception and vibration in the right leg, and weakness of the right leg. Most likely diagnosis is a) spinal syrinx b) hemicord syndrome c) transverse myelitis d) bilateral radiculopathy . An upgoing big toe (Babinski reflex) implies damage to the ' a) peripheral nerve to the big toe. b) dorsal root ganglion to that toe. 0) brain or spinal cord motor pathways. d) autonomic pathways. . A woman complains of sharp shooting pain down the back of her left leg to her left great toe. Strength and reflexes are normal and her Babinski reflex is negative. She most likely has a a) mononeuropathy b) polyneuropathy c) radiculopathy d) Plexopathy 39. Adrenergic drug side effects include a) tachycardia (fast heart rate). b) high blood pressure. c) pupillary dilation. d) All of the above. . The sheet of dura mater that divides the cerebrum into left and right halves is the a) tentorium cerebelli b) falx cerebri c) pia—arachnoid membrane d) dentate ligament . Why did the chicken cross the road? a) Hemingway: 'To die. In the rain. Alone.” b) ML King: “I dream of a day when chickens will be free to cross roads.” 0) Freud: “What do you mean when you say 'chicken?” (1) Tupac:”Who are you calling chicken?”. . The spaces between the cortical gyri are called a) folia. b) fascicles. c) reticula. d) sulci.. A243. Which membrane(s) adhere(s) closely to the brain surface? a) pia b) arachnoid c) dura d) All of the above. Version A 44. An abnormal expansion of the central canal of the spinal cord is called a a) lacune. b) syrinx. c) hydrocephalus. d) meningioma. . The cauda equina is the a) junction of the brain and cervical spinal cord. b) descending spinal nerve roots in the cervical cord. c) leash—like arrangement of sacral spinal nerves. (1) posterior sacral spinal cord. . An elderly woman catches her foot on curbs. Examination findings were distal weakness in both hands and moderate weakness of her feet. She had diminished appreciation of all sensory modalities in a stocking-glove distribution. Most likely diagnosis: a) mononeuropathy b) polyneuropathy c) radiculopathy d) Plexopathy . The middle cranial fossa contains what lobe? a) frontal b) parietal c) occipital d) Temporal . Tearing of the middle meningeal artery will cause a a) epidural hematoma. b) subdural hematoma. c) subarachnoid hemorrhage. d) parenchymal hemorrhage. . The developmental structure that becomes the cerebral cortex is the a) rhombencephalon. metencephalon. prosencephalon. a myelencephalon. 6 50. What traverses the foramen lacerum? a) olfactory nerve b) trigeminal nerve c) carotid artery d) jugular vein Page 3 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course NSC 4366 taught by Professor Cauller during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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NeuroAnatomy 4366 - memramm NAS lO-testl l. Papilledema...

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