Drugs and the Olympics (exam paper)

Drugs and the Olympics (exam paper) - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY...

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NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING EG1413 – CRITICAL THINKING AND WRITING Semester 1: 2004/2005 November 2004 Time Allowed: 2 Hours INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. This examination paper contains ONE (1) question and comprises EIGHT (8) printed pages. 2. Answer THE QUESTION in the ANSWER BOOKLET provided. 3. Hand in the ANSWER BOOKLET at the end of this examination. 4. This is a CLOSED BOOK examination.
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- 2 - EG1413 _______________________________________________________________________ _ In approximately 750 words, write a critique of the article ‘Drugs and the Olympics’. Your critique should: Summarize the writer’s argument (in no more than one paragraph); Evaluate the argument, i.e. assess its strengths and weaknesses; Make reference to the secondary materials ‘Doping: Banned Substances’ and ‘The Dirtiest Games Ever?’ where appropriate (avoiding plagiarism); Contain accurate language use. Drugs and the Olympics “WHERE does the power come from, to see the race to its end?” asks Eric Liddell in that cinematic celebration of the Olympian ideal, “Chariots of Fire”. The runner's answer? “From within.” Eighty years after Liddell won his gold medal, for competitors at the Olympic games starting next week in Athens that power may come instead from without —in the form of drugs designed to maximise performance. There was “doping” in sport even before the days of Liddell; cyclists, boxers, swimmers and others made use of alcohol, strychnine, cocaine and sundry other substances to ease the pain and give them an edge. But by 1988, when a Canadian runner, Ben Johnson, was stripped of his 100m gold at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drugs test, it was clear that doping had become rife—not just in nasty communist regimes such as East Germany and China, with their famously manly female athletes, but in western countries too. If doping may play a lesser role than it might have done this month in Athens, it is only because allegations about the use of the steroid tetrahydrogestrinone by clients of BALCO, a dietary supplements firm in California, have deprived the Olympics of some of its likeliest medallists—as well as highlighting the pervasive use of steroids in some non- Olympic sports such as America's Major League Baseball, now dubbed the “new East Germany”. The evidence of doping has been greeted with almost universal condemnation, at least from those parts of the media that love a scandal and the chance to bring down a hero, and from politicians. George Bush has added the war on doping to his broader war on drugs, using this year's state-of-the-union address to urge sport to “get rid of steroids now” and bringing high-profile indictments against sporting dope-peddlers. Those in charge of sport are rapidly losing any ambivalence they once had, and joining a crusade against doping led by the redoubtable head of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA),
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course EG 1413 taught by Professor Prof during the Spring '11 term at National University of Singapore.

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Drugs and the Olympics (exam paper) - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY...

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