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EG1413 Lecture 2 - by Dr Radhika Jaidev Outlineoflecture...

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by Dr Radhika Jaidev
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Identifying  an argument Understanding  key  terms pertinent to  argument analysis in this course  4-step  argument analysis Outline of   lecture
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Let’s  begin  by  examining  a  simple  universal  Let’s  begin  by  examining  a  simple  universal  context for disagreement: context for disagreement:     Young Person: Bye. See you later Young Person: Bye. See you later Parent: Wait! What time are you coming home? Parent: Wait! What time are you coming home? YP: We’ve discussed this before. I’ll be back  YP: We’ve discussed this before. I’ll be back  around 2am.  around 2am.  P: I don’t remember discussing it. Anyway,  P: I don’t remember discussing it. Anyway,  you’re not staying out till 2 in the morning.  you’re not staying out till 2 in the morning.  Be home by midnight! Be home by midnight!     (At this point what we have is a quarrel not an  (At this point what we have is a quarrel not an  argument - many claims or assertions and no  argument - many claims or assertions and no  reasons or justification!)  reasons or justification!)  Now here’s a twist: Now here’s a twist: YP: But I’m 16 years old! YP: But I’m 16 years old!
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What you saw was the YP beginning to justify his/her   What you saw was the YP beginning to justify his/her   claim but it’s still not good enough. It doesn’t explain  claim but it’s still not good enough. It doesn’t explain  why  16  is  a  good  age  to  display  one’s  ability  to  take  why  16  is  a  good  age  to  display  one’s  ability  to  take  care of oneself. care of oneself. Now let’s continue ... Now let’s continue ... YP: But I’m 16 years old! YP: But I’m 16 years old! P: So? P: So? YP: Unless you give me a chance, how can I ever prove  YP: Unless you give me a chance, how can I ever prove  that I can take care of myself and not get into  that I can take care of myself and not get into  trouble? trouble? (Is there a hidden assumption here??) (Is there a hidden assumption here??) Yes, the assumption is that-  Yes, the assumption is that-  it is good to give young  it is good to give young  people freedom to demonstrate their maturity. people freedom to demonstrate their maturity.    
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You may have observed the following in this simple  You may have observed the following in this simple  domestic ‘argument’:  domestic ‘argument’:  1 1 claims or assertions have to backed by reasons.  claims or assertions have to backed by reasons.  2 2 reasons need to be clarified and strengthened  reasons need to be clarified and strengthened  with further justification (s)
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