EG1413 Lecture 2 - by Dr Radhika Jaidev Identifying an...

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Unformatted text preview: by Dr Radhika Jaidev Identifying an argument Understanding key terms pertinent to argument analysis in this course A 4-step argument analysis Outline of lecture Let’s begin by examining a simple universal Let’s begin by examining a simple universal context for disagreement: context for disagreement: Young Person: Bye. See you later Young Person: Bye. See you later Parent: Wait! What time are you coming home? Parent: Wait! What time are you coming home? YP: We’ve discussed this before. I’ll be back YP: We’ve discussed this before. I’ll be back around 2am. around 2am. P: I don’t remember discussing it. Anyway, P: I don’t remember discussing it. Anyway, you’re not staying out till 2 in the morning. you’re not staying out till 2 in the morning. Be home by midnight! Be home by midnight! (At this point what we have is a quarrel not an (At this point what we have is a quarrel not an argument - many claims or assertions and no argument - many claims or assertions and no reasons or justification!) reasons or justification!) Now here’s a twist: Now here’s a twist: YP: But I’m 16 years old! YP: But I’m 16 years old! What you saw was the YP beginning to justify his/her What you saw was the YP beginning to justify his/her claim but it’s still not good enough. It doesn’t explain claim but it’s still not good enough. It doesn’t explain why 16 is a good age to display one’s ability to take why 16 is a good age to display one’s ability to take care of oneself. care of oneself. Now let’s continue . .. Now let’s continue . .. YP: But I’m 16 years old! YP: But I’m 16 years old! P: So? P: So? YP: Unless you give me a chance, how can I ever prove YP: Unless you give me a chance, how can I ever prove that I can take care of myself and not get into that I can take care of myself and not get into trouble? trouble? (Is there a hidden assumption here??) (Is there a hidden assumption here??) Yes, the assumption is that- Yes, the assumption is that- it is good to give young it is good to give young people freedom to demonstrate their maturity. people freedom to demonstrate their maturity. You may have observed the following in this simple You may have observed the following in this simple domestic ‘argument’: domestic ‘argument’: 1 1 claims or assertions have to backed by reasons. claims or assertions have to backed by reasons. 2 2 reasons need to be clarified and strengthened reasons need to be clarified and strengthened...
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course EG 1413 taught by Professor Prof during the Spring '11 term at National University of Singapore.

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EG1413 Lecture 2 - by Dr Radhika Jaidev Identifying an...

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