Career Super spring 2011

Career Super spring 2011 - Career Theories Two Mainstream...

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2/26/11 Career Theories Two Mainstream Theoretical Approaches Matching Theories (Trait/factor) Developmental Theories Current practice in Career Counseling tends to be embedded in these two approaches.
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2/26/11 Matching theories Based on differential psychology, these approaches assume that guidance is essentially about a process of rational decision making in which clients are assessed by the 'expert practitioner' and then matched to the 'best fit' opportunity. It follows that the provision of information about the client and the
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2/26/11 Developmental Theory The process of helping a person to develop and accept an integrated and adequate picture of themselves and of their role in the world of work. A central concept is that people
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2/26/11 Holland vs. Super While Holland’s theory is based on traditional matching models of vocational choice, Super criticized this model for being too static. He took a different approach by focusing on vocational choice as a series of events.
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2/26/11 Super’s Developmental 5 Major Stages of Career Development Growth (roughly to age 11) Exploration (approximately 11-20) Establishment (20 to mid-adulthood) Maintenance (mid to late adulthood) Disengagement (late adulthood).
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2/26/11 Super’s 5 Stages He originally viewed these stages as chronological, but later acknowledged that individuals may go through exploration and establishment in middle adulthood as they choose another career.
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2/26/11 Super’s 5 Stages We progress through this series of developmental stages which enable ‘self- concept’ to be formed, translated into occupational terms and implemented. Our ‘self-concept’ is formed, clarified and modified over time.
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2/26/11 Career/Vocational Maturity Super developed the concept of vocational maturity, which may or may not correspond to chronological age.
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2/26/11 Career/Vocational Maturity Time perspective is central to the career development process: “It has always seemed important to maintain three time perspectives: the past, from which one has come ; the present, in which one currently functions; and the future, toward which
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2/26/11 Exploration stage (ages 11-20) Most salient stage for adolescents as they make the transition from school to work. Primary tasks: crystallizing, specifying, and implementing career choices Adolescents evaluate their skills and values and determine a general area or field of choice (crystallizing), narrow tha
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Exploration stage (ages 11-20) In making a vocational choice, an individual is expressing his/her self-concept. Importance of accurate
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course EDCG 5355 taught by Professor Hudge during the Spring '11 term at Texas A&M.

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Career Super spring 2011 - Career Theories Two Mainstream...

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