January 26 - J anuary 26, 2011 1. G lycolysis: 6-Carbon...

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January 26, 2011 1. Glycolysis : 6-Carbon Glucose to two 3-Carbon Pyruvates, gain two ATP and two molecules of NADH Occurs in Cytoplasm of cells Anaerobic (does not require oxygen) * 2-4 occurs in Mitochondria (environment in different parts of structure is different, has lots of cristae for surface area, can change shape) 2. Pyruvate Processing : takes place in outer and inner membrane Membrane have transporters that bring Pyruvates into mitochondria Each pyruvate loses a Carbon (1-Carbon) and gains Acetyl- CoA(2-Carbon) 3. Krebs Cycle : rip Carbons apart by oxidation, makes little ATP Phosphofructokinase- allosteric enzyme, when ATP is high shuts things off Takes place in matrix Citric Acid Cycle Acetyl Co-A (2-Carbon) joins to Oxaloacetate (4-Carbon) to make Citrate (6-Carbon) Then make NAD and FAD (oxidized form of NADH (which is reduced form)) Cycles back to making Oxaloacetate 4. Electron Transport : make lots of ATP ETC (Electron Transport Chain)
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January 26 - J anuary 26, 2011 1. G lycolysis: 6-Carbon...

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