assignment week 1

assignment week 1 - Sofia Medeiros HIS 222 Dr. 02/05/2010...

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Sofia Medeiros HIS 222 Dr. 02/05/2010 Part I – Definitions Define each of these 15 words, explaining what it is and how it pertains specifically to American history. Manifest Destiny: was a concept which heavily influenced American policy in the 1800s. The idea was the driving force behind the rapid expansion of America into the West from the East, and it was heavily promoted in newspapers, posters, and through other mediums. Buffalo Soldiers: was a name given to two cavalry regiments and two infantry regiments. These United States Army units were made up entirely of African American soldiers. The Battle of Little Big Horn: was an engagement between the combined forces of the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne tribes against the 7th Cavalry of the United States Army. The battle occurred over two days, on June 25-26, 1876, near the most famous of all of the Indian Wars . The Homestead Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. It provided for the transfer of 160 acres (65 hectares) of unoccupied public land to each homesteader on payment of a nominal fee after five years of residence; land could also be acquired after six months of residence at $1.25 an acre. The government had previously sold land to settlers in the West for revenue purposes. As the West became politically stronger, however, pressure was increased upon Congress to guarantee free land to settlers. The Dawes Severalty Act was passed on February 8, 1887, and it converted all Indian tribal lands to individual ownership in an attempt to facilitate the assimilation of Indians into the white culture. Wounded Knee was a massacre in 1890 known as the event that ended the last of the Indian wars in America. As the year came to a close, the Seventh Cavalry of the United States Army brought an horrific end to the century-long U.S. government-Indian armed conflicts. Bessemer-Kelly Process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass- production of steel from molten pig iron . The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer , who took out a patent on the process in 1855. The process was independently discovered in 1851 by William Kelly . The first Bessemer steel mill in the United States was established in 1855 in Wyandotte , Michigan , on the Detroit River , about 14 miles south of Detroit . J P Morgan was a financier, art collector, and philanthropist. Born on April 17, 1837, in Hartford, Connecticut. Son of a banker, Morgan went into the family business and became one of the most famous financiers in the history of business. After working for
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his father, he started his own private banking company in 1871, which later became known as J. P. Morgan & Co. His company became one of the leading financial firms in the country. It was so powerful that even the U.S. government looked to the firm for help with the depression of 1895. The company also assisted in thwarting the 1907 financial crisis. Boss Tweed
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course HIS 222 taught by Professor Jeane during the Spring '11 term at Mt. Olive.

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assignment week 1 - Sofia Medeiros HIS 222 Dr. 02/05/2010...

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