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assignment week 2

assignment week 2 - Sofia Medeiros and 23 Part I...

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Sofia Medeiros Chapters 21, 22, and 23 Part I – Definitions Define each of these 15 words, explaining what it is and how it pertains specifically to American history. 1. Theodore Roosevelt: With the assassination of President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation's history. He brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong foreign policy. 2. Treaty of Paris Debate: The Treaty of Paris, signed on 20 December 1898, between Spain and the United States, ended one war and set the stage for another. Following the U.S. military victories at Manila Bay in May 1898 and in Cuba in early July, Madrid asked for an armistice that began in August. Peace negotiations followed in Paris, the main sticking point being the future of the Philippine Islands , a Spanish colony since 1564. 3. The Progressives: The progressives were people who participated on The Progressive Movement , which was an effort to cure many of the ills of American society that had developed during the great spurt of industrial growth in the last quarter of the 19th century. 4. Trust Busting : "Trust-Busting," a term that referred to President Theodore Roosevelt's policy of prosecuting monopolies, or "trusts," that violated federal antitrust law . Roosevelt's "trust-busting" policy marked a major departure from previous administrations' policies, which had generally failed to enforce the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, and added momentum to the progressive reform movements of the early 1900s. 5. The Square Deal: Term used by Pres. Theodore Roosevelt to describe his approach to social problems. It embraced his idealistic view of labour, citizenship, parenthood, and Christian ethics. He first used the term after the settlement of a mining strike in 1902 to describe the ideal of peaceful coexistence between big business and labour unions. The concept became part of the Bull Moose Party platform when Roosevelt became its candidate in 1912. 6. Muckrakers: Muckrakers were a group of writers, including the likes of Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, and Ida Tarbell, during the Progressive era who tried to expose the problems that existed in American society as a result of the rise of big business, urbanization, and immigration. Most of the muckrakers were journalists. 7. The Niagara Movement: In 1905, W.E.B. Du Bois, a professor at Atlanta University, exasperated by Booker T. Washington's continued conciliatory policies towards whites and his enormous power within the black community, called for a meeting of Washington's critics of at Niagara Falls, New York. The purpose of the meeting was to form an organization that would offer a militant alternative to
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Washington. Du Bois called his organization the Niagara Movement. The group was representative of some of the intellectual elite of the African-American community.
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assignment week 2 - Sofia Medeiros and 23 Part I...

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