assignment week 3

assignment week 3 - America on the World Stage 1899-1909 On...

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Sofia Medeiros Chapters 24, 25 and 26 Part I – Definitions Define each of these 15 words, explaining what it is and how it pertains specifically to American history. 1. Lusitania : British steamship which departed from New York to Liverpool on May 1, 1915 carrying secretly a load of ammunition as well as passagens after the warning made by the German government saying that a state of war exists between Germany and her allies and Great Britain and her allies. 2. Panama Canal: President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term U.S. goal--a transisthmian canal. Throughout the 1800s, American and British leaders and businessmen wanted to ship goods quickly and cheaply between the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts. Completed in 1914, the Panama Canal symbolized U.S. technological prowess and economic power. Although U.S. control of the canal eventually became an irritant to U.S.-Panamanian relations, at the time it was heralded as a major foreign policy achievement. 3. Roosevelt Corollary: In 1904 the government of the Dominican Republic went bankrupt and Theodore Roosevelt feared that Germany and other nations might intervene forcibly to collect their debts. In response, Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt Corollary (to the Monroe Doctrine) as part of an 1904 message to Congress. Roosevelt and later U.S. presidents cited the corollary to justify U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico and Haiti. 4. Pancho Villa: Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform. Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero. Pancho Villa was also responsible for a raid on Columbus, New Mexico in 1916, which was the first attack on U.S. soil since 1812. 5. U-Boats : German U-Boats in the Battle of the Atlantic was the longest battle of the Second World War, beginning from the first day of hostilities and ending on the very last day of the war. It was also the most important battle during the entire Second World War because the success of every other campaign in every other theater of war depended upon its success. Many experts agree that defeat of the German U-Boats and control of the shipping lanes linking the Allied nations of Great Britain, United States and Canada was a key factor if the Allied nations were to invade occupied Europe and the heartland of Germany itself. 6. War Industries Board: One of the goals of the progressive movement in the US was to create an administrative state capable of regulating business and industry and controlling the business cycles that pitched the country into recessions or depressions with unsettling regularity. The War Industries Board created in July 1917, was established to mobilize the nation's resources for war while protecting the economy's basic structure and character for the peace that was to follow. The WIB continues to
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course HIS 222 taught by Professor Jeane during the Spring '11 term at Mt. Olive.

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assignment week 3 - America on the World Stage 1899-1909 On...

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