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assignment week 5

assignment week 5 - Sofia Medeiros HIS 222 and 32 Part I...

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Sofia Medeiros HIS 222 Chapters 30, 31 and 32 Part I – Definitions Define each of these 15 words, explaining what it is and how it pertains specifically to American history. 1. New Frontier: was a term used by JFK during his acceptance speech in the 1960 United States presidential election . It was originally just a slogan to inspire America to support him. 2. Bay of Pigs: The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful attempt by United States-backed Cuban exiles to overthrow the government of the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro . The invasion plan was approved by Eisenhower's successor, John F. Kennedy . 3. Cuban Missile Crises: In October 1962, an American U2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. Because he did not want Cuba and the Soviet Union to know that he had discovered the missiles, Kennedy met in secret with his advisors for several days to discuss the problem. A fact that ended up forming the Cuban Missile Crisis, a confrontation between the United States , the Soviet Union , and Cuba in October 1962, during the Cold War . 4. Berlin Wall: The Berlin Wall’s contruction began in August 13, 1961. It was a desperate move by the German Democratic Republic to stop East Berliners escaping from the Soviet-controlled East German state into the West of the city, which was then occupied by the Americans, British and French. 5. “I have a Dream” speech: it was a speech by Martin Luther King Jr., in which he called for racial equality and an end to discrimination . He delivered the speech on August 28, 1963, from the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom , was a defining moment of the American Civil Rights Movement . 6. Black Panthers: In October of 1966, in Oakland California, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The Panthers practiced militant self-defense of minority communities against the U.S. government, and fought to establish revolutionary socialism through mass organizing and community based programs. 7. Cesar Chavez: he was born in 1927 and led the historic non-violent movement for farm worker rights and dedicated himself to building a movement of poor working people that extended beyond the fields and into cities and towns across
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the nation. He inspired farm workers and millions of people who never worked on a farm to commit themselves to social, economic and civil rights activism. 8. Tet Offensive: The Tet Offensive was a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong (rebel forces sponsored by North Vietnam) and North Vietnamese forces, on scores of cities, towns, and hamlets throughout South Vietnam. It was considered to be a turning point in the Vietnam War.
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assignment week 5 - Sofia Medeiros HIS 222 and 32 Part I...

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