PSC 101 - Notes.pdf - Module 1 u25cb u25cb u25cb u25cb...

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Module 1 Lesson 1 What are the three systems of government? Provide an example of each. How is sovereignty defined? What is the nature of power in each of the three systems? Which type of system does the U.S. government currently use? Federal The central characteristic of American government is Federalism Federalism: “the mode of political organization that unites separate policies within an overarching political system by distributing power among general and constituent governments in a manner designed to protect the existence and authority of both” Three Systems of Government Federal: United States under Constitution Sovereignty divided between a national and regional (state) governments Sovereignty retained by both Tried because the other two systems did not work for us. Confederation: United States under Articles of Confederation Regional governments retain considerable autonomy Central government creature of states
Unitary: Most common. Ex: France, Great Britain Power centralized in a national government. Regional governments derive authority from central government. Ranking is: National Gov. --> Regional Gov. (States) → Citizens Lesson 2 Why did the U.S. establish a federal system of government under the Constitution?
What were the problems/weaknesses under the Articles of Confederation?
How is power divided between the national and state governments? What are some specific powers of the national government and what is the Constitutional basis for these powers?
What is the status of same-sex marriages as a result of the 2015 Obergefell v. Hodges Supreme Court decision?
What are concurrent powers? Provide examples.
U.S. Constitution provides for federal system Article 1 limits legislative power of national government 10th Amendment protects state powers Current Federal Debates What issues and policy areas are controlled by national government and which are left to the states? Marijuana National Powers National defense Currency Interstate Commerce Foreign Affairs State Powers Chartering of local governments Education Registration and Voting Intrastate Commerce Concurrent Powers Law Enforcement While Marijuana is illegal on a national level, they don’t have the power to arrest everyone in the states.

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