History 103 notes 9.23 .9
Luther's Reformation and Lutheran Family Values
Thinking about the Reformation
How do historians deal with the issues on reformation.
-reform from within or from without?
Reform from the top down, or the bottom up?
The problem of Church and state
the problem of
.-it doesn't go away, it just
, the catholic church looked at the reformers
The problem of the "loyal oppisition"-inability to see tolerance of religion, in the monarchs.
They don't have a model to follow against loyal oppoisition, that it is ok
Where does the motivation for religious reform begin?
How did all these events take place in such a short time?
There is a new and changing relationship between the church and State.
I. Contributing Factors to Reformation.
There are things that lead up to ref.
-we know as historians know that we can see the leading factors of ref.
-clergy vs Laity
-by 1500 there is an enormous anticlerical feeling, there are struggle between clergy that wwant to
maintain their religion practice, against the Laity the people ordinary of the church.
Laity perspective, church had become a symbol of corruption, maybe there was something
that was wrong with the way that they dealt with religion.
church became very complex, enormous welath, bureaucracy, power, the medieval church
had basically got away from the ideal faith in the bible.
---this happens to every institution, you eventually end up changing the end in goal for the inst.
-nobody could agree on how to fix it.
- they wanted to focus on law, and other things rather than look at
Laity is going thru crises, fall of const, black death, these people are looking for input into their
- was a
14th century, within context of black death, argued that the laity
and clergy join together, live common lives together, and live lives of individual piety, educate one
another-clergy would share with one another.
Into the new devotion----a way to respirtualize themselves without having to break from the catholic
-clergy and laity should lead active christian live in the society.
-Anticlericalism-the laity figure out that the clergy is not going to be addressign their grievances. The
people criticize the chruch for mercantilism, they said that they dont want a faith that can be bought
-failure to stamp out clerical abuses
-simony-buying and selling of church offices, alexander, the borgese, chezare borgie, got bought
a cushy spot, this person may not even show up. Was seen as a way that could rob people was a way to
take money from people
-indulgences- a time off pass in purgatory(the middle ground between heaven and hell-your
chances to work off your son, in purgatory, a working tank where your work off your sins, you worked it
off, your ) you can buy an indulgence, selling salvation, so you don't have to go into purgatory
-Secular Forces-society is changing, there are rulers that want into the business of religion.