The Decadence(corruption) of the Old Regime-focusing on the aristocracy.
The Three Estates-jealously guarded by the clergy and the aristocracy, it is
just like the people who fought, people who prayed, and the people who
worked. Because of the power of the clergy, and the aristocracy, they all had a
resistance to change. There were approximately 10k clerics on the day of the
revolution, and they owned about 5-10 percent of land. They were the largest
land owning class.
estate: Clergy-thru tradition and legal intervention, there were exempt
from taxes. They had lots of land, no tax on it.
estate: aristocracy- included about 400k people on the eve of the
French rev, men, women, children, this is a family based order.
successors were not able to control the aristocracy, and they were falling
back to their old habits, monopolizing govt positions, they were not taxed
as well. Argument was based on the fact that they gave free military
service in france. This was enormously powerful, wealthy, and had
Bourgeoisie-people who were merchants, mobile. They had carefully
managed to shift some of their taxes to the peasants. They became a
more protective class. The only people who were barely able to pay for
it. The peasants.
Peasants-backbone to the economy. They couldn’t pay for the taxes,
they were kicked off the land, migrated, and begged for money, became
a public order problem. Why is the 3
estate so active in the
revolution. Do not confuse the estates gener….These 3 estates are
Estates General(1614-last called)
Representative assembly, all over
a branch of govt that represented the sentiment of the
people. Because the people were misrepresented, these were
frequently called. These are not the only representative assemb.