hist103 11.29.9-The French Revolution-12.2.9

hist103 11.29.9-The French Revolution-12.2.9 - The French...

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The French Revolution-what is the sig of fr rev. is this the end pt of looking at these. Are the events from the 15 th century a culmination that lead to Fr. Rev. The absolute indespinsible pt. what it tells us about the ultimate disintegration of the social hierarchies, the old feudal divisions of society, the people who prayed, the people who fought, and the people who worked. This gives us an opportunity just how far we have come. We still see a trouble with the other, there is still the question of loyal opposition.6m 45. An ambivalent response to the “new, ” it is at the speed at which that sets up the conservative backlash that is to follow. 1 step forward Things to think about - Attitudes toward the “other” - What is the response to the “new” - The role of religion-what does it tell you about w.eu. how has it changed?-enlightenment phil comes, there were questions about what people’s rights were, where political power was, what was the relationship between rights and power? - Where is the political authority vbested? - What are peple’s rights”? - What are People’s Responsibilities? - What is the dynamic between tradition and Change? In what ways the French rev a continuity, or if there is a change because of this event. After the French rev. things are going to be hard to predict, there is a shift between major eras, even if the moment was not entirely successful, it was a change in Era - The context that leads up to French. The government. Louis XVI was in power, in the 1780’s, power was vested in absolute monarchs. They knew that they could rule alone, but it was not in their best interest to do so. Those individuals participated in. The most important court. Beyond the king, the other influences came from the French ministers, richielu, mazzarin , colber. The financial minister was the most active in the French government. One of the biggest probs that the ministers had to deal with, were the tax revenues, one of the biggest problems that XVI had was tax revenue, the 1 st and 2 nd estate were exempt from taxes. The system is unwieldy and it is not the best because taxes were stressed on the 3 rd estates. 1 st -clergy, 2 nd -nobility, 3 rd -everyone else, estates.16min The Four Revolutions- The French revolution starts as a tax revolt-TAX REV, BY ARIST/CLERGY TOO? 14 didn’t address the tax concerns. The French gov’t was essentially bankrupt in the time of 14. The most important attempts that we see happen in 1786. His chances in getting these taxes are slim, because the tax was entirely to tax them,
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this caused agitation between the 1 st and 2 nd , so Louis 16 got in a problem with this. So he called a paris based parliament in 1787, which only had 1 st and 2 nd estate there, Revolt of the Aristocracy, 1786-88-the clergy and the nobility are taxed on their land and they revolt. Louis XVI (king of France,1774-1791;” king of the French,” 1791-2’executed
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hist103 11.29.9-The French Revolution-12.2.9 - The French...

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