PSY301 - Lecture: Emotions Tuesday, October 12, 2010 I....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Emotions: What are they and what elicits them? I. discrete emotion approach: categorizing emotions (anger, happiness, fear, etc.) - dimensional approach: direction (positive or negative emotion) - Duration and intensity: From micromomentary to months -- UT and 9/11 how long an emotions lasts (occurs within 1/10 of a second; can last long) - different emotions have different durations - micromomentary: an expression that occurs very quickly, is masked up by a positive smile (negative masked up by positive) <- little duration - intensity: one emotion may be more intense than the other (ex. terrified vs. fearful) - after 9/11: increase in negative emotions; by the 14th: negative emotions drop, returning to normal; week after: positive emotions higher than before (for next 2 months) - A&M bonfire: brought community together; months later: happy - cultural upheavals bring people together - Theories how do you know you're feeling the way you are? - common sense theory: see snake, become afraid, run away <-- doesn't make sense, not adaptive - James-Lange see stimulus, behave, then elicit emotion (ex . cross street, bus coming, step back, heart begins racing, feel afraid) - sequence different from common sense t (same ex., would've been dead, taken too long to react) - Schachter and cognitive labeling: Bridge pointed out that James' theory didn't make sense sometimes - two components: biological (adrenaline) and cognition (beliefs); need both to have an emotion - James: people with adrenaline would feel afraid - Schachter: people with adrenaline would feel as if afraid, but not afraid - group told that would have no symptoms would act up because they think happy guy is making them feel that way (misattribution of arousal) - ex. 2 groups get adrenaline shot, what does person do when they're told they would/wouldn't have symptoms? - high bridge: frightening, therefore increase in heart rate, sweating, arousal increases, thinks they are aroused by woman, 39% call woman - low bridge: no sweating, no arousal, 9% call woman - arousal needs label, it's often misattributed - Emotions in the real world II. Paul Ekman analyzed facial expressions - Facial an body feedback facial: can get people to form an expression, then ask what they're feeling - body: different ways people sit/walk when they're feeling a certain way - both suggest we can briefly change our moods by putting a smile on our face, or by sitting in an upright position - Lecture: Emotions Tuesday, October 12, 2010 Exam 3 Page 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Knowing how we feel emotion determined by cues: internal (biological/James) and external (environment/Schachter) - both cues compete, both influence behaviors/emotions - (blank screen after scary scene: scarier, as we have time to process it - Competition of cues: men and women ex. people run faster on xc course rather than on a track because on xc course you are processing more info of the environment while running (distracts you from internal state); on track, no info to process - men: internal cues - women: environmental cues
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/25/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 22

PSY301 - Lecture: Emotions Tuesday, October 12, 2010 I....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online