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PSY301_EXAM2_VOCAB - PSY 301 EXAM#2 higher-level...

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PSY 301 EXAM #2 - higher-level consciousness : controlled processes and selective attention - lower-level consciousness : automatic processes and daydreaming - altered consciousness : produced by drugs, alcohol, fatigue, etc. - subconscious : sleeping, waking subconscious awareness - no consciousness : unconscious thought - law of effect : (Thorndike) an action that results in a positive consequence is likely to be repeated, and vice versa - algorithms : step-by-step procedures, guarantees a solution - heuristics : rule-of-thumb strategies, does not guarantee a solution - representative heuristic : member of a group - availability heuristic : more available to us - shallow processing : shapes and letters - intermediate processing : reading - deep processing : meaning - Atkinson - Shiffrin theory : memory storage involves 3 systems: sensory, short-term, and long-term - echoic memory : (sensory) auditory - iconic memory : (sensory) visual - chunking : (short-term) packing info that exceeds 7 ± 2 - explicit memory : (declarative) who, what, when, where, why - episodic memory
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