psy301_test2_review_part2

psy301_test2_review_part2 - memory the retention of info or...

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Unformatted text preview: memory the retention of info or experience over time as the result of 3 key processes: encoding, storage, and retrieval 1 1 encoding sending info to the brain by processes of attention, deep processing, elaboration, and mental imagery 2 2 storage info in brain and retention of info 3 3 retrieval retained info comes out of storage 4 4 serial position effect tendency to recall items at the beginning (primary) and end (recency) of a list rather than the middle 5 5 recall person retrieves previously learned info 6 6 recognition person has to recognize/identify learned items 7 7 context-dependent memory people remember better when attempting to recall info in the same context in which they learned it 8 8 autobiographical memory specific form of episodic memory consisting of a person's recollections of his/her life experiences 9 9 flashbulb memory memory of emotionally significant events that people tend to recall with more accuracy and vivid imagery than everyday events 10 10 repression defense mechanism by which a person is so traumatized by an event that they forget it, and forget the act of forgetting 11 11 motivated forgetting forgetting something because it is so painful or anxiety-laden that remembering is intolerable 12 12 encoding failure info was never entered into long-term memory 13 13 retrieval failure forgetting 14 14 interference theory people forget because other info gets in the way of what they want to remember 15 15 decay theory suggests the passing of time increases forgetting 16 16 tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) phenomenon effortful retrieval that occurs when we know something but can't pull it out of memory 17 17 retrospective memory remembering the past 18 18 prospective memory remembering info about doing something in the future 19 19 amnesia loss of memory 20 20 anterograde amnesia memory disorder affecting retention of new info and events 21 21 retrograde amnesia memory loss for segment of the past but not for new events 22 22 levels of processing a continuum of memory processing from shallow to intermediate to deep 23 23 shallow processing shapes and letters 24 24 intermediate processing reading 25 25 deep processing adding meaning; produces better memory 26 26 dual-code hypothesis memory for pictures is better than memory for words because memory for pictures can be stored as both image and verbal codes; Paivio 27 27 Atkinson-Shiffrin theory memory storage involves 3 separate systems-...
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psy301_test2_review_part2 - memory the retention of info or...

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