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Running head: ADVANCED INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND THE1Task 1- Scholarly PaperMindy MunozWGUAdvanced Information Management and the Application of TechnologyC 791
ADVANCED INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND THE2Table of ContentsReferences......................................................................................................................................13
ADVANCED INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND THE3Task 1- Scholarly PaperA1. Summarize advantages and disadvantages of a health information systemTechnology is imperative in the world we live in today and the hospital system is no exception. Health Information Systems (HIS) are what hospitals around the country are converting to for multiple reasons. This change from paper charting to electronic health records (EHR) has advantages and disadvantages. The recommendation for this change was brought about by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act of2009 (Manca, 2015). There are many advantages to HIS, but the first that comes to mind is the ease of sharing of the patient's medical information. Whether the patient is seen in the Emergency Department, by a specialist, or the primary MD, their information is all in one place. Nurses can chart at the patient's bedside, allowing them to spend more time with the patient to establish a rapport, and charting is more accurate and in “real-time.” The HIS compounds the information into sections where you can print exactly what you are looking for and not have to track down a paper chart. HIS also stores years worth of a patient’s labs, X-rays, EKG’s, clinical notes, medical history, medication history so that the patient does not have to give this information every time they come in to be seen. There is software now that is coded to send an alert when a patient is at risk for falls, sepsis, need for vaccination, for higher quality care of the patient. Another error prevention for patient safety is that there is no more deciphering a physician’s handwriting on a written order that could potentially harm a patient. There are also disadvantages to a HIS, such as when the computers are down due to no internet or for routine maintenance, which is often times done on night shifts. With any software, there are glitches that need to be corrected at times, as well as necessary updates that
ADVANCED INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND THE4frequently need to be made. Another disadvantage is the cost of training employees when an entirely new system is integrated into the facility. A new system costs thousands of dollars to install the software and train all staff. Usabilityrefers to the ease of use of the system. It has to be user-friendly since there are various types of employees who will be using the same system from chaplains, nurses, physicians, CNA’s, secretaries, dietary, physical/occupational therapy, and even housekeepers. One of the advantages of usability is quick and concise charting. There are predetermined boxes to click when filling in orders or assessments, with additional comment boxes to add your own narrative if necessary. A disadvantage of usability is when something happens to the computer system and we have to switch to paper charting. It slows down the process of caring for the