Week2 Organization B

Week2 Organization B - Week2 Organization B 1. Factors that...

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Week2 Organization B 1. Factors that do behavior always follow from attitudes? Why or why not? Discuss affect whether behavior follows from attitudes. Attitude can be defined as a predisposition to respond to a stimulus, that is something in a person’s environment such as an event, thing, place, or another person, in a positive or negative way (M. Fishbone, I. Janzen, 1975). For example, when we speak of a positive job attitude, we mean that the person involved tends to have pleasant internal feelings when they think about their jobs. Attitudes can be seen as a favorable or unfavorable evaluation reaction toward something or someone exhibited in one’s beliefs, feelings, or intended behavior. Sometimes people refers its as the ABC’s of attitudes, that is affection, behavioral, and cognitive. An affective component includes beliefs and knowledge about and evaluations of the stimulus. The affective component refers to our feelings, the emotional part of the attitude. Finally, an attitude’s behavioral component is the inclination to behave in a certain way as a response to one’s feelings and cognitions. In a workplace, a person’s attitudes are very important determinant of performance related behaviors, such as the quantity and quality of output, organizational commitment, absenteeism, turnover, and a host for other important outcomes. On general level, a person’s attitudes influence that individual to act in a particular way (J. Cooper, R.T Croyle, 1984). Of course, whether an attitude actually produces a particular behavior depends on a number of factors such as family and peer pressures; past and present work experiences, and group norms. For instance, people may dislike what they are doing but hold back their effort because of a lack of perceived rewards or pressure from co-workers. In this example, an employee didn’t get a promotion he thought he deserved; a coworker got it instead. The employee’s attitude toward his supervisor is illustrated as follows: cognition (the employee though he deserved the promotion), affect (the employee strongly dislikes his supervisor), and behavior (the employee is looking for another job). As we previously noted,
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although we often think that cognition causes affect then causes behavior, in reality these components are often difficult to separate. We can see this kind of phenomenon around us. It’s happening to many others and ourselves. Normally before people react, they will be thinking for a moment about the cause and effect of their actions. Besides that, the emotion that people having during that particular time when thinking, will also affect the outcome of the behavior. Behavior is quite simply, it is the way we act, the things we do and say, like facial expressions, hand gestures, eye contact, and word choices. Generally speaking, behavior follows attitude. We tend to behave the way we feel, think and belief.
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course BUSINESS bus 078 taught by Professor Hidi during the Spring '11 term at West Valley.

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Week2 Organization B - Week2 Organization B 1. Factors that...

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