Week2 Organization B
1. Factors that do behavior always follow from attitudes? Why or
why not? Discuss affect whether behavior follows from attitudes.
Attitude can be defined as a predisposition to respond to a stimulus, that is
something in a person’s environment such as an event, thing, place, or
another person, in a positive or negative way (M. Fishbone, I. Janzen, 1975).
For example, when we speak of a positive job attitude, we mean that the
person involved tends to have pleasant internal feelings when they think
about their jobs. Attitudes can be seen as a favorable or unfavorable
evaluation reaction toward something or someone exhibited in one’s beliefs,
feelings, or intended behavior. Sometimes people refers its as the ABC’s of
attitudes, that is affection, behavioral, and cognitive. An affective component
includes beliefs and knowledge about and evaluations of the stimulus. The
affective component refers to our feelings, the emotional part of the attitude.
Finally, an attitude’s behavioral component is the inclination to behave in a
certain way as a response to one’s feelings and cognitions.
In a workplace, a person’s attitudes are very important determinant of
performance related behaviors, such as the quantity and quality of output,
organizational commitment, absenteeism, turnover, and a host for other
important outcomes. On general level, a person’s attitudes influence that
individual to act in a particular way (J. Cooper, R.T Croyle, 1984). Of course,
whether an attitude actually produces a particular behavior depends on a
number of factors such as family and peer pressures; past and present work
experiences, and group norms. For instance, people may dislike what they are
doing but hold back their effort because of a lack of perceived rewards or
pressure from co-workers.
In this example, an employee didn’t get a promotion he thought he deserved;
a coworker got it instead. The employee’s attitude toward his supervisor is
illustrated as follows: cognition (the employee though he deserved the
promotion), affect (the employee strongly dislikes his supervisor), and
behavior (the employee is looking for another job). As we previously noted,