poli363,week7 - The Emergence of a One Party Democratic...

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Unformatted text preview: The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South POLI 363: Southern Politics Fall 2009 October 14, 2009 The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South Outline 1 Restrictions on Black Suffrage Early disenfranchisement White divisions and the role of black-belt whites The Poll Tax The Literacy Test The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South Causes of a One Party Democratic South 1 Reconstruction and its aftermath 2 Electoral success of southern whites 3 Restrictions on black suffrage The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South Restrictions on Black Suffrage Early disenfranchisement Disenfranchisement a fait accompli Effects of restriction felt before they were formally adopted Blacks “persuaded” to say away from polls Populist movement effectively silenced Anchored power for those already in control Force & threat of force put whites in power The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South Restrictions on Black Suffrage Early disenfranchisement Early disenfranchisement practices Goal: To make disenfranchisement compatible with 15th Amendment Avoid federal intervention in southern race relations Ex: Mississippi’s constitutional convention of 1890 Residence requirement Poll tax Literacy and the alternative of “understanding” Registration Disqualification for certain crimes The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South Restrictions on Black Suffrage Early disenfranchisement Forces in the drive for disenfranchisement High value on legality and regularity in government Pressures external to South (e.g. election fraud investigations, federal intervention) Public criticism of disenfranchisement practices, such as gerrymandering, ballot inconsistencies, etc. The Emergence of a One Party Democratic South...
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poli363,week7 - The Emergence of a One Party Democratic...

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