Disorders in Early Childhood Student

Disorders in Early - Developmental Psychopathology Early Childhood Disorders USC Developmental Psychopathology Field that views problem behaviors

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Developmental Psychopathology Early Childhood Disorders USC
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Developmental Psychopathology Field that views problem behaviors from a developmental perspective Continuity vs. Discontinuity Disturbance vs. Turning Point Etiology Effective Treatment
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Early Childhood Primary Difficulties Internalizing behaviors Externalizing behaviors Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Autism spectrum disorders
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Internalizing and Externalizing Internalizing-symptoms include being withdrawn, anxious, sad, shy, nervous, tense, and psychosomatic symptoms Externalizing-symptoms include being boisterous, aggressive, irritable, disobedient, jealous, and having temper tantrums Number and significance of problems is key. (Figure 7.5) Ineffective discipline strategies and family stress worsen the problem.
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ADHD Characteristics ADHD Characteristics A person with ADHD has a chronic level of: inattention (primarily sustained attention) impulsive hyperactivity Combined The symptoms of the disorder must be present at levels that are higher than expected for a person's developmental stage interfere with the person's ability to function in different settings (e.g., in school and at home).
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Inattentive: Edward
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Hyperactive: Sean
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Behavioral Diagnosis: ADHD Checklist Behavioral Diagnosis: ADHD Checklist (0 = never or rarely 1 = sometimes; 2 = often; 3 = very often) 1. Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities. 2. Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities. 3. Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. 4. Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to understand instructions). 5. Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities. 6. Avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork or homework). 7. Loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g., toys, school assignments, pencils, books, or tools). 8. Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli. 9. Is often forgetful in daily activities.
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Behavioral Diagnosis: ADHD Checklist Behavioral Diagnosis: ADHD Checklist In the space before each statement put the number that best describes your (or a target person) behavior (0 = never or rarely 1 = sometimes; 2 = often; 3 = very often) 10. Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat. 11. Leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected. 12. Runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate (in adolescents or adults, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness). 13. Has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly.
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PSYC 420 taught by Professor Brown during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Disorders in Early - Developmental Psychopathology Early Childhood Disorders USC Developmental Psychopathology Field that views problem behaviors

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