Early to Mid Phys and Cog_BB2

Early to Mid Phys and Cog_BB2 - Adulthood...

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Adulthood Physical Development & Cognition
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Periods of Life Span Periods of Life Span Prenatal Period Conception – Birth Infancy and Toddlerhood Birth – 3 years Early Childhood 3 - 5 years Middle Childhood: 6 - 11 years Adolescence 11 - 20 years Early Adulthood 20 – 40 years Middle Adulthood 40 – 65 years Late Adulthood: 65 years and Over
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Middle Age: Middle Age: A Social Construct A Social Construct No consensus on when it begins and ends Most define it as 40-65 years No specific biological or social events that  mark its boundaries In the US, middle-age is increasingly a  state of mind Many people in their sixties and seventies  consider themselves middle-aged
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How Important is Age? How Important is Age? Baltimore Longitudinal Studies of Aging  showed how misleading averages can be. Age is poor predictor of performance because  of  Genetic differences. Medical conditions. Lifestyle factors. Two types of aging: Primary-genetically programmed Secondary-genetic defects and environment factors
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Senescence Senescence At what age do you see peak physical  strength and maturation of sensory  systems (e.g., hearing/vision)? At what age do you see initial declines  in physical strength and sensory  systems (e.g., hearing/vision)?
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Senescence Senescence Physical maturity and strength peak in  20s. Senescence also beginning. Physical consequences of aging easier to  detect among elite athletes. Peak performance occurs earlier for sports  requiring strength and speed. 
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Peak physical performance Peak physical performance
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Growth and Strength Growth and Strength Most  people reach adult heights by late  adolescence. Between 30 and 50, males lose about half an  inch, and females lose slightly more. Muscle and fat accumulate in early 20s even  among healthy eaters.  Physical strength peaks between 18 and 29.
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Early to Mid Phys and Cog_BB2 - Adulthood...

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