Infant Toddler Social Emotional

Infant Toddler Social Emotional - USC,JaneE.Roberts,Ph.D...

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Developmental Psychology Social-Emotional Development 0 - 3 USC, Jane E. Roberts, Ph.D.
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Emotional expressions during the first 3 years
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Negative Emotions The first negative emotion that  is discernible in infants is  generalized distress By 2 months of age, facial  expressions of anger or  sadness can be differentiated  from distress/pain in some  contexts  By the second year of life,  differentiating between  infants’ anger and other  negative emotions is no longer  difficult
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Crying Crying prompts adults to act, thus reducing the  risk of starvation, hypothermia, and danger  from predators. Excessive crying contributes to maternal  depression and child abuse. Crying is  normal , even unexplained crying. linked to central nervous system immaturity. Some fussy babies are bored.
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Crying Across the 1  12 Weeks    The thick, dark bar is  the average across all  infants.  Notice that the total  duration of crying  usually peeks around  6 weeks of age.  Source: Barr (1990).
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Short-Term Solutions Lead to  Long-Term Problems Bell and Ainsworth concluded that prompt  responding produces contented babies, and yet….
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Long-Term Problems Bell and Ainsworth concluded that prompt  responding produces contented babies, and yet…. Other studies indicate that  sensitive   responding  is  what works best. Short term relief = long term problems.
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PSYC 420 taught by Professor Brown during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Infant Toddler Social Emotional - USC,JaneE.Roberts,Ph.D...

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