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friedman 4e chapter04

friedman 4e chapter04 - Chapter 4 Neo-Analytic and Ego...

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    Chapter 4: Neo-Analytic and Ego Aspects of Personality: Identity
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    Carl Jung The mind/psyche has three parts: Ego The personal unconscious The collective unconscious
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    Carl Jung Parts of the mind: Ego The conscious part of personality Embodies the sense of self Similar to Freud’s concept of ego
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    Carl Jung Parts of the mind: The personal unconscious Contains thoughts that are not currently part  of conscious awareness Not only threatening and unacceptable  material, but all non-conscious material Contains past and “future” material
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    Parts of the mind: The collective unconscious A deeper level of the unconscious Shared with the rest of humanity Contains archetypes  universal emotional symbols Carl Jung
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    Archetypes: Animus/Anima Male element in a woman/female element in a man Persona and Shadow Socially acceptable front vs. dark and unacceptable  side of personality Mother Embodiment of generativity and fertility Hero and Demon Strong force for good vs. cruelty and evil Carl Jung
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    Carl Jung Complexes A “complex” is a group of emotionally  charged thoughts that are related to a  particular theme Jung created a word association test to study  complexes
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    Carl Jung Example word-association test : As soon as a word appears, say aloud  the first word you think of Words will appear one by one
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    Head Green Water Death Ship
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    Carl Jung The four functions of the mind: Sensing Thinking Feeling Intuiting
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    The two major attitudes of the mind: Extroversion Directs psychic energy toward things in the  external world Introversion Directs psychic energy inward Carl Jung
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    Carl Jung 4 functions  2 attitudes 8 types (4 x 2) Typology Each person has a “best fit” to one type Determined by the person’s dominant function  and dominant attitude Forms the basis of the Myers-Briggs Type  Indicator
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    “Individual Psychology” Emphasizes the importance of social  conditions on personality Three fundamental social issues: Occupational tasks Societal tasks Love tasks Expansion of Freud’s approach to  increase emphasis on society and social  relations Alfred Adler
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