friedman 4e chapter07-chg

friedman 4e chapter07-chg - Chapter 7: Cognitive Aspects of...

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    Chapter 7: Cognitive Aspects of Personality
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    Roots in Gestalt Psychology Human beings seek meaning in their  environments We organize the sensations we receive  into meaningful perceptions Complex stimuli are not reducible to the  sum of their parts
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    Gestalt Psychology A Gestalt perceptual figure Is the triangle  shown in the  image or  constructed in the  mind of the  viewer ?
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    Kurt Lewin’s Field Theory Life space All internal and external forces, and their  relationships to one another  e.g., family, religion, work, etc. Contemporaneous causation Behavior is caused at the moment of its  occurrence by all the forces acting at that  moment
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    Field Dependence Rod-and-Frame Test Field dependent Field independent
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    Field Dependence Children’s play preference Field independent children favor solitary play Socialization patterns Field independent people emphasize  autonomy over conformity Career choice Field independent people prefer technological  occupations 
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    Field Dependence Interpersonal distance Field independent people tend to sit farther away from  a conversational partner Eye contact Field independent people make less frequent and less  prolonged eye contact with a conversational partner
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    Schema Theory Schema A cognitive structure that organizes knowledge  and expectations about one’s environment Determines how we think and act Script Schemas for familiar events e.g., eating at a restaurant
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  Categorization
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PSYC 440 taught by Professor Elmore during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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friedman 4e chapter07-chg - Chapter 7: Cognitive Aspects of...

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