friedman 4e chapter08-chg

friedman 4e chapter08-chg - Chapter 8: Trait and Skill...

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    Chapter 8: Trait and Skill Aspects of Personality
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    Beginnings of the Modern Trait Approach—Carl Jung Typology Small number of “types” Each person fits one “type” best 8 Types (4 functions x 2 attitudes) Functions: Sensing, Thinking, Feeling,  Intuiting Attitudes: Extroversion, Introversion Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
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    Raymond B. Cattell Used (and refined) factor analysis  data-driven, not theory-driven  reduced many different traits to sixteen trait  clusters Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire  (16PF) Collected many different types of data Q-data T-data L-data
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    Gordon Allport Personality: “The dynamic organization within the  individual of those psychophysical systems  that determine his characteristic behavior  and thought” Each person has unique qualities Philosophical, humanistic, scholarly  approach
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    Gordon Allport Regularities in behavior arise because The individual views many situations and  stimuli in the same way Many of the individual’s behaviors are similar  in their meaning Functionally equivalent
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    Gordon Allport Common Traits Due to biological heritage and shared  culture, there are some common traits e.g., dominance in American culture Proprium The core of personality
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    Gordon Allport Idiographic methods
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PSYC 440 taught by Professor Elmore during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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friedman 4e chapter08-chg - Chapter 8: Trait and Skill...

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