friedman 4e chapter09--chg

friedman 4e chapter09--chg - Chapter 9: Humanistic and...

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    Chapter 9: Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality
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    Existentialism An area of philosophy concerned with the  meaning of human existence “Being-in-the-world” Must examine human beings in their world The self cannot exist without the world Phenomenological approach Subjective realities are important
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    Humanism An area of philosophy that emphasizes  the personal worth of the individual and  the importance of human values “The third force” Emphasizes the creative, spontaneous, and  active nature of human beings Third after psychoanalysis and behaviorism
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    Humanism Our existence comes from our relations  with others I-Thou dialogue—direct, mutual  relationship I-It monologue—utilitarian view of  another
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    Humanism The human potential movement People are encouraged to realize their inner  potentials Uses group meetings, self-disclosure, and  introspection
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    Erich Fromm Love Allows us to overcome our isolation but still  maintain our individual integrity Loving is an art Modern society encourages existential  alienation
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    Existential Alienation: 1950 - 2000 Divorce rate doubled Out of wedlock birth rate up 7 times Percent of population in prison up 5 times Reported anxiety and depression up 5-10 times Social Indicator Change from 1950 to 2000
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    Erich Fromm Dialectical humanism Reconciles the biological, driven side of  human beings and the pressure of societal  structure  Believes people can transcend  these forces  through free will 
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friedman 4e chapter09--chg - Chapter 9: Humanistic and...

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