friedman 4e chapter10-chg

friedman 4e chapter10-chg - Chapter 10: Person-Situation...

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    Chapter 10: Person-Situation Interactionist Aspects of Personality
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    Harry Stack Sullivan Personality is tied to social situations Personality is “the relatively enduring pattern of  recurrent interpersonal situations” Importance of peers in forming identity  Interpersonal theory of psychiatry The social self (from George Herbert Mead)
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    Harry Stack Sullivan Personality consistently changes as a  function of relations with others “Illusion of individuality” We become “different” people in different  social situations In each situation we imagine how others think  of us and respond accordingly
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    Harry Stack Sullivan Focuses on threats that are inherently social Importance of “chums” (peers) Locates healthy and unhealthy psychological  development in the reactions of one’s peers Sullivan blames society for most problems
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    Henry Murray Viewed personality as the study of  human lives across time Situations encountered throughout one’s life Combines unconscious motives and  environmental pressures
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    Murray’s Personological System Emphasizes the importance of: Internal needs and motives Environmental press Dynamic system, with feedback
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    Examples of Murray’s Needs Affiliation Autonomy Dominance Exhibition Harm Avoidance Nurturance Order Play Sex Succorance Understanding
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friedman 4e chapter10-chg - Chapter 10: Person-Situation...

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