friedman 4e chapter11

friedman 4e chapter11 - Chapter 11 Male-Female Differences...

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    Chapter 11: Male-Female Differences
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    Male-Female Differences Physical differences height, facial hair, genitalia, hormones “Anatomy is destiny” (Freud) Different genitals lead to different life  experiences
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    Male and Female Life Expectancy Projected Life  Expectancy at  Birth in the  US
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    Male and Female Differences Females are typically  described  as: emotional, nurturing, submissive, sociable, poor  at math, passive, and suggestible Males are typically  described  as: rational, independent, dominant, objective,  aggressive, and active Both males and females find male  characteristics desirable
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    Male-Female Differences Research shows there is not much  validity to these characteristic attributions There is substantial overlap between the  distributions of male and female traits and  behaviors
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    Male and Female Differences Some reliable differences are  found: Males have better spatial skills Females have better verbal skills Males are more aggressive Females are better communicators
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    A History of Gender Difference Evidence from ancient civilizations Fertility and nurturance (f) versus hunting  and warring (m) Development of concept of male moral  superiority Nineteenth-century views Darwin’s influence Freud’s theories
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    Biological Influences Chromosomes:  XX vs. XY determine genetic sex Testes develop in XY embryos; produce  androgen (male hormone) Androgen (or lack thereof) initiates  development of male or female genitalia
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    Biological Influences Androgen exposure may affect brain  development and personality
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PSYC 440 taught by Professor Elmore during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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friedman 4e chapter11 - Chapter 11 Male-Female Differences...

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