Chapter 1 Review Notes

Chapter 1 Review Notes - Chapter 1 Outline How to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Outline How to differentiate between normal vs. abnormal behavior: Abnormal Behavior: 1. Is being different abnormal? a. Advantages i. Does not affect an individual negatively ii. Increases diversity iii. Distinguishes an individual from the general public iv. Results in positive contributions v. Does not cause distress or impair functioning b. Disadvantages i. Individuals are perceived or labeled as “abnormal” ii. Thought to have unusual abilities 2. Is behaving deviantly (differently) abnormal? a. Deviance is behavior that violates societal and cultural norms. b. Goodness-of-fit (e.g., meaning that behavior can be both problematic or not problematic) c. Group expectations (e.g., when others and culture influence behavior) d. Culture (e.g., the shared behaviors, patterns, and lifestyle of members of a group) e. Development (e.g., maturity level and age impacts the expression of behavior abnormalities) f. Eccentricity (e.g., when others view behavior as “weird’ or “socially awkward”) 3. Is behaving dangerously abnormal? a. Results from the experience of intense emotional states. b. Can be directed outwardly (e.g., Danger to others, DTO behavior). c. Can be directed toward oneself (e.g., Danger to self, DTS behavior). d. Most people who have been diagnosed with a psychological disorder do not engage in dangerous behavior. e. Signals the presence of a psychological disorder. f. It is not necessary for an individual to display DTO/DTS behavior to be labeled as “abnormal.” 4. Is behaving dysfunctionally abnormal? a. The patterns of abnormal behavior are causing distress and dysfunction (e.g., impacting all areas of life and functioning ability) for the individual and/or others. 5. Definition of abnormal behavior a. Interferes with daily functioning b. Creates emotional distress c. Inconsistent with developmental norms d. Inconsistent with cultural norms e. Inconsistent with societal norms 6. Prevalence rates of abnormal behavior a. 48% of adults in the U.S. have suffered a psychological disorder (e.g., the most common disorders in the U.S. are major depression at 17% and alcohol dependence at 15%). b. Differences in gender (e.g., women may be more likely to suffer from some types of psychological disorders compared to their male counterparts and vice versa). Factors to consider when addressing abnormal behaviors: 1. Sex (e.g., whether someone identifies as being male or female) a. It is important to note that women are more likely to suffer from anxiety disorders and mood disorders. b. On the other hand, their male counterparts are more likely to struggle with alcohol and substance abuse disorders. 2. Race or ethnicity considerations (e.g., the race or ethnic group one is affiliated with may put an individual more at risk for a psychological disorder)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
a. Anglo-Americans and African-Americans experience most psychological disorders at equal rates. b.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 7

Chapter 1 Review Notes - Chapter 1 Outline How to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online