Chapter 3 Review Notes

Chapter 3 Review Notes - Chapter 3 Outline Clinical...

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Chapter 3 Outline Clinical Assessment Assessment: 1. Definition of Clinical Assessment a. Clinical assessment is the process of gathering information about a person and his/her environment to make decisions about the nature, status, and treatment of psychological problems. b. Begins with a set of referral questions. c. Questions determine goals of assessment. d. Selection of appropriate psychological tests and measurements. 2. Goals of Assessment: a. Deciding what assessment procedures and instruments to administer. b. Tailoring an assessment to types of symptoms, age, and medical. c. Screening is an assessment process that attempts to identify psychological problems or predict the risk of future problems among people who are not referred for clinical assessment. d. Diagnosis is the identification of an illness. e. Treatment plan (e.g., individual’s plan of care to meet mental health needs). f. Differential diagnosis (e.g., a process in which a clinician weighs how likely it is that a person has one diagnosis instead of another). g. Outcome Evaluation are done by using clinical assessments to evaluate a patient’s progress. 3. Properties of Assessment Instruments a. Standardization b. Normative is a comparison group that is representative of the entire population against which a person’s score on a psychological test is compared. c. Clinical significance is the observed change that is meaningful in terms of clinical functioning. d. Self-referent comparisons is a comparison of responses on a psychological instrument with a person’s own prior performance. e. Figure 3.2 The normal curve f. Reliability is how well a psychological assessment instrument produces consistent results each time it is given. g. Test-retest reliability is how well a test produces similar scores over time when given to the same individual. h. Interrater agreement is the amount of agreement between two clinicians who are using the same measure to rate the same symptoms in a single patient. i. Validity is the degree to which a test measures what it is intended to assess (e.g., construct, criterion, concurrent, and predictive). 4. Developmental and Cultural Considerations a. Age b. Developmental status c. People involved in testing d. Natural of test chosen e. Testing environment f. Cultural factors g. Cultural fair
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Assessment Instruments Assessment Instruments: 1. Description a. Self-report measures (e.g., ask patients to evaluate their own symptoms). b.
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Chapter 3 Review Notes - Chapter 3 Outline Clinical...

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