Chapter 6 Review Notes

Chapter 6 Review Notes - Chapter6 Outline What Are Mood...

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Chapter6 Outline What Are Mood Disorders? Mood Disorders: 1. Definition of Mood Disorders a. Defined as syndromes whose predominant feature is a disturbance in mood. b. The disturbance in mood can be abnormally high or low. i. Mania (e.g., mood that is abnormally high) ii. Depression (e.g., moos that is abnormally low) c. Three Different Types of Mood Disorders: i. Major Depressive Disorder ii. Dysthymia iii. Bipolar Disorder 2. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) a. The persistent sad or low mood that is severe enough to impair a person’s interest in or ability to engage in normally enjoyable activities. b. In children the persistent mood disturbance may take the form of irritability or hostility. c. Most frequently reported symptoms (e.g., experiencing for at least two weeks): i. Feelings of complete worthlessness ii. Significant weight loss or weight gain iii. Psychomotor agitation or retardation iv. Fatigue or loss of energy v. Feelings of guilt vi. At risk for self harm or suicide (e.g., thoughts of death) vii. Crying spells viii. Physical changes such as medical conditions (e.g., headaches, digestive problems, and chronic pain) that do not respond to treatment. ix. Disrupts sleep, appetite, and sexual drive (e.g., 40% of people with major depression actually eat and sleep more than usual). x. Can lead to problems with attention and concentration xi. Can increase an overwhelming sense of inadequacy xii. Can cause one to withdraw from the world d. Major Depressive Disorder is an episodic illness with people having one episode (e.g., single episode) or multiple episodes separated by periods of normal moods (e.g., recurrent). e. To meet DSM-TR-IV criteria, one must meet at least three of the above symptoms to be present for at least two weeks. f. Approximately 7 to 18% of the U.S. population will experience at least one episode of depression by the time they reach the age of 40. 3. Dysthymia a. A disorder with a chronic state of depression; the symptoms are the same as those of major depression, but they are less severe. b. Also known as dysthymic disorder. c. A persistent disorder, lasting two or more years and an individual is never without symptoms for more than two months. d. Can lead to severe outcomes such as social isolation, higher risk for suicide, and mislabeling as moody or difficult. e. Most frequently reported symptoms (e.g., experiencing at least two of the below for at least two consecutive months): i. Poor appetite or overeating ii. Insomnia or hypersomnia
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iii. Low energy or fatigue iv. Low self-esteem v. Poor concentration or difficulty making decisions vi. Feelings of hopelessness f. People with dysthymia may also experience double depression (e.g., a combination of episodic major depression superimposed on chronic low mood). 4.
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2011 for the course PSYC 410 taught by Professor Swan during the Fall '10 term at South Carolina.

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Chapter 6 Review Notes - Chapter6 Outline What Are Mood...

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