Chapter 10 Review Notes

Chapter 10 Review Notes - Chapter 10 Outline Psychotic...

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Chapter 10 Outline Psychotic Disorders Psychotic Disorders: 1. Definition a. Characterized by unusual thinking, distorted perceptions, and odd behaviors. b. Psychosis (e.g., severe mental condition characterized by a loss of contact with reality). c. Delusion (e.g., a false belief). d. Hallucination (e.g., a false sensory perception). 2. What is Schizophrenia? a. A severe psychological disorder characterized by disorganization in thought, perception, and behavior. b. First defined over 100 years ago by German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin. c. Formerly known as dementia praecox (e.g., original name for schizophrenia, coined by Kraepelin, to highlight its pervasive disturbance of perceptual and cognitive faculties). d. Dementia (e.g., pervasive disturbances of perceptual and cognitive faculties). e. Praecox (e.g., early life onset). f. Schizophrenia versus Dissociative Identity Disorder i. People with DID are considered to have two or more personalities each with its own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. ii. Schizophrenia results in the inability to perceive the environment appropriately and deal with it adequately. 3. Schizophrenia in Depth a. Positive symptoms (e.g., group of symptoms including unusual thoughts, feelings, and behaviors). b. Persecutory delusions (e.g., beliefs that someone is persecuting the patient or the individual is a special agent/individual). c. Delusions of influence (e.g., beliefs that one’s thoughts or behaviors are being controlled by others). d. Loose associations (e.g., thoughts that have little or no logical connection to the next thought). e. Thought blocking (e.g., unusually long pauses in the patient’s speech that occur during a conversation). f. Clang association (e.g., speech governed by words that sound alike rather than words that have meaning). g. Catatonia (e.g., condition in which a person is awake but is nonresponsive to external stimulation). h. Waxy flexibility (e.g., a condition in which parts of the body usually the arms will remain frozen in a particular posture when positioned that way by another person).
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