notes 1130

Notes 1130 - 30 November 2010 Religion 161 Islam Once modernization began to development and deepen many things that were central in t he Islamic

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30 November 2010 Religion 161: Islam Once modernization began to development and deepen, many things that were central in the Islamic world including the centrality of Islam to all aspects of life, profound changes occurred in the political thinking of Muslims. The invasion of Napoleon into Egypt played a major role in shaping these changes: in order to match the British control of India and match it for France, he conquered Egypt some people saw it as a sign of the decline of Islamic civilization some people saw it as a result of the corruption prevailing in parts of the Islamic world some people saw it as a cosmic incident; God's wrath with Muslims for deviating from the path of good Muslims once the land was opened to outside forces, it was the British who entered and stayed there until Egyptian independence in governor of Egypt as part of the Ottoman Empire was appointed by Istanbul, when the French left and the British stayed, the Ottoman Sultan did the appointing of governor was Muhammad Ali Pasha (1844-1848). Pasha delegates a dual function: ministry as well as military affected the entire Islamic world brought a lot of changes into the political, economic, and social systems of Egypt, mostly independently of the Ottoman court he had a big dream for Egypt and therefore started extensive reforms Egypt was basically self-sufficient from the point of view of agriculture, but what he did by encouraging production of cash crop, especially cotton, he began a series of efforts in order to transform the economic systems Islam defined all aspects of life, but with the educational reforms of Muhammad Ali Islam lost this role because he took away the traditional religious education and turned instead to opening modern schools based on western models and sent some upper-class kids to Europe to be educated
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course REL 161 taught by Professor Faghfoory during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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Notes 1130 - 30 November 2010 Religion 161 Islam Once modernization began to development and deepen many things that were central in t he Islamic

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