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Unformatted text preview: 14 September 2010 Religion 161: Islam Pillars of Islam: • Unity of God, Prophet Muhammad • Daily Prayer • Charity • Hajj • Fasting • Some theologians have considered adding Jihad ◦ in 19 th century when orientalists decided to write and read about in Islamic history ▪ translated jihad as the holy war ◦ there is no compulsion in religion ▪ a religion that is spread by the sword is not in the true spirit of that religion ◦ actually means spiritual struggle ▪ struggle against the sinning soul ▪ not holy war in the sense of forcing Islam, just in the sense that you fight against your Jihad al – Asghar • the lesser struggle • struggle for land and subjugation of people ▪ Jihad al – Akbar • stuggle against cardinal soul • greatest struggle • fighting against the enemy within Quality of Participation: One day a man started praying in a mosque early in the morning and continued all through the day. Everyone who saw him thought what a pious man he is and he must be very close to God. The man's ego really liked what he was hearing and he turned around and said, “I am also fasting.” 'Ali was injured in one the battles and the doctors tried to take the arrow out of his leg. The prophet himself said wait until 'Ali stands for prayer and then do it. He was so immersed in prayer that they took the arrow out of his leg and he had no realization of it....
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- Fall '10
- Islam, prophet Muhammad, Gabriel