notes 122 - 2 December 2010 Religion 161 Islam Ottoman...

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2 December 2010 Religion 161: Islam Ottoman Empire: modernizing state especially after 1734 it was an empire in decline all the reform movements that were carried out in the Arab world were carried out in the Ottoman state for the purpose of saving a dying empire from death even religious authorities felt that it was their duty to protect the state, so the majority of the movements came from outside movements that were not related to the religious authorities In Iraq and Iran some things were a little bit different because of the relationship between the government and the religious authorities the Shi'ites (the Persian world) had spent so much of their life being underground and hiding away, they kept their activities away from the state thus they frequently came into direct conflict with the state in the Ottoman Empire and the Arab world, the Sunni religious authorities were submissive to the the state Wahabbi, Pan-Islamism, and Salafi (ultimately the Muslim Brotherhood) came into conflict with religious forces. Islam became a matter for the private home Solutions for the problems of society were no longer looked for in the Islamic past, Islamic revelation, and the religious texts groups emerged whose main purpose was no longer religion in nationalism these groups found their niche took what they thought was backward and unnecessary and used nationalism to turn toward the future the very root of the problem lies in this conflict The actions of today are the result of the conflict between nationalism and Islamism. Turkish Nationalism lies very much in the long history behind it – Ottoman Empire distinctive ethnic background and Turkish language gave the Turks a pride in themselves that was held through their feelings of protecting the caliphate when nationalism arose, it was not for the purpose of getting rid of religion the conflicts that were all over the rest of the Islamic world were not apparent in Turkey because they could reconcile the two however, the political structure changed greatly as the result of movements within the Turkish speaking world
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Pan-Turanist meant to unite all Turkish and Turkic speaking peoples of central Asia ultimately failed because of developments in the Russian Empire and the revolution of 1917 Pan-Turkism
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