Module 55 - Social Psychology

Module 55 - Social Psychology - way to objects people and...

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Module 55: Social Psychology Social psychologists scientifically study how we think about , influence , and relate to one another. Attributing Behaviour to Persons or to Situations Attribution theory: suggests how we explain someone’s behaviour—by crediting either the situation or the person’s disposition. e.g. a teacher may wonder whether a child’s hostility reflects an aggressive personality (dispositional attribution) or a reaction to stress or abuse (situational attribution) fundamental attribution error: the tendency for observers, when analyzing another’s behaviour, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition –assume that what is seen is one’s personality trait all the time e.g. even when told a behaviour was situational (a woman instructed to be friendly), people attribute behaviour to personal disposition. Attitudes and Actions Attitude: feelings, often based on our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular
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Unformatted text preview: way to objects, people, and events. e.g. believe someone is mean, feel dislike and act unfriendly towards them. Attitudes Can Affect Actions Attitudes affect behaviour when other influences are minimal, when the attitude is specific to the behaviour, and when we are keenly aware of our attitudes. Actions Can Affect Attitudes Foot-in-the-door phenomenon: the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request – “start small and build.” Role-playing: what began as play-acting becomes you; what we do, we gradually become. We adopt attitudes in keeping with those roles given to us. Cognitive dissonance theory: we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent. For example, when our awareness of our attitudes and of our actions clash, we can reduce the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudes. In all 3 instances, attitudes adapt to behaviour rather than drive it....
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Fall '09 term at Waterloo.

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