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Module 45 - “Who am I?”-if it is positive we act and...

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Module 45: The Humanistic Perspective Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing Person Self-actualization: according to Maslow, the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one’s potential. Maslow typifies humanistic psychology’s attempt to turn psychology’s attention from baser motives and environmental conditioning to the growth potential of healthy people, believed to be basically good. Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Perspective A promoting climate required genuineness (being open with their own feelings, no facades, being transparent and self-disclosing) , acceptance (offering unconditional positive regard , an attitude of total acceptance towards another person [Rogers]) , and empathy (sharing and mirroring our feelings and reflecting our meanings) – needed between any 2 human beings. Self-concept: all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question,
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Unformatted text preview: “Who am I?”-if it is positive, we act and perceive the world positively-negative, we fall short of our ideal self —dissatisfied and unhappy. Assessing the Self Humanistic psychologists assessed personality by asking people to fill out questionnaires that evaluate self-concept. One questionnaire inspired by Carl Rogers asked people to describe themselves both as they would ideally like to be and as they actually are. When both are nearly alike, the self-concept is positive. Others believe this is depersonalizing, so they do interviews and intimate conversation to have a better understanding of an individual’s unique experiences. Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective Although humanistic psychology helped renew psychology’s interest in the self, its critics argue that its concepts were vague and subjective, its values individualist and self-centered, and its assumptions naively optimistic....
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