Module 44 - Personality

Module 44 - Personality - Module 44 The Psychoanalytic...

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Module 44: The Psychoanalytic Perspective (Personality) ***[Freud] = ideas by Freud Personality: an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. The Psychoanalytic Perspective Exploring the Unconscious Free association: in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing Psychoanalysis: Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. Conscious awareness – floats above the surface [Freud] Unconscious: according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, info processing of which we are unaware – this is below the surface. - some of these thoughts we store temporarily in a preconscious area, from which we can retrieve into conscious awareness - repress: block unacceptable passions and thoughts from consciousness – these troublesome feelings and ideas powerfully influence us, sometimes gaining expression in disguised forms Freud sought to analyze these unconscious dynamics through free association and dream interpretation . Manifest content: the remembered content of dreams [Freud] Latent content: a censored expression of the dreamer’s unconscious wishes [Freud] Personality Structure [Freud] Id: has a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives; it operates on the pleasure principle , demanding immediate gratification. Ego: largely conscious, “executive” part of personality that mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality; it operates on the reality principle , satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure instead of pain.
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