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Module 31 - Intro to Intelligence

Module 31 - Intro to Intelligence - Module 31 Intro to...

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Module 31: Intro to Intelligence Intelligence is difficult to define because there is controversy on whether it is a single overall ability or several specific abilities, and if it can be located and measured within the brain. To “reify intelligence” means to view an abstract and immaterial concept of intelligence as if it were a concrete thing. Reify: invent a concept, give it a name, then convince ourselves that such a thing objectively exists in the world. General Intelligence Factor analysis: a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors ) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one’s total score. e.g. people who do well on vocab items do well on paragraph comprehension. General intelligence (g): a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence task Primary mental abilities: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, memory) Contemporary Intelligence Theories Howard Gardner supports Thurstone’s idea that intelligence comes in different packages —we have multiple intelligences , each relatively independent of the others.
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