psych 421- notes #23 - Gestalt explanations of learning:-...

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Unformatted text preview: Gestalt explanations of learning:- • They focused on problem solving • They said problem solving involves:-- Perceptual scan:- the organism scans the environment to see the tools that are present- Cognitive work toward solution- based on what is learned from the scan- putting things together in the mind.- They emphasized cognitive- not behavioral trial and error. • Kohler’s study of problem solving among chimpanzees (1913-1917).- He suspended (can’t get it; hanging somewhere) desired object (example, bananas for chimpanzees). - He put potential “tools” in the environment – usually boxes and sticks to get the bananas.- He then observed the chimps’ behavior, solutions - He seen them go through cognitive trial after they scanned the environment.- Kohler’s conclusion: - learning happens through insight. • Insightful learning:-spontaneous understanding of the solution to the problem; understanding of the wholes (example, stack the boxes together and use the stick to get...
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course PSY 421 taught by Professor Quinton during the Fall '11 term at State University of New York.

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psych 421- notes #23 - Gestalt explanations of learning:-...

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