Wind energy

Wind energy - 10/9/2010 Wind Farm development: Socio...

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10/9/2010 1 ` Wind Farm development: Socio Economic Aspects Jack Levi, Co-Chairman, National Wind Thursday, September 23rd, 2010 Topics c c What Makes a Wind Farm Viable c Wind Farm: c Ownership c Business Models c Development Phases c Costs c Economic and Environmental Benefits c Questions
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10/9/2010 2 Wind Energy in the US and the World c 3,000 MW in 2000 in the US c 36,000 MW in 2010 in the US c Behind Europe which has 75,000 MW c World total 160,000 MW Wind Energy Internationally China has overtaken the US in terms of new capacity installed annually with 13,750 MW installed in 2009, compared to 9,994 MW for the US.
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10/9/2010 3 Source: AWEA-Q2, 2010 Report U.S. Energy Mix: 2000 vs. 2009 52% 14% 20% 10% 2% 2% 45% 24% 20% 7% 4% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Coal Gas Nuclear Hydro Other Renew. Other 2000 2009 Source: Energy Information Administration
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10/9/2010 4 Energy Mix at Xcel today and in 2025 c Two Big Picture Concepts c Department of Energy: 20% by 2030 c Pickens Plan: Wind/Natural Gas/Gasoline
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10/9/2010 5 20% Wind Energy by 2030 c Explores one scenario for reaching 20% wind electricity by 2030 c Examines wind’s roles in energy security, economic prosperity and environmental sustainability Pickens Plan c Pickens plan aims to reduce the amount the US spends annually on foreign oil by $300 billion (43%) c Wind farms will be used for power generation and allow the natural gas currently used for power generation to be shifted to fuel trucks and other heavy vehicles.
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10/9/2010 6 Definition of Terms c Greenfield: A wind project that starts in an agricultural field c PPA: Power Purchase Agreement, typically between the wind farm project and a utility. The PPA typically commits the utility to purchase power from the wind farm at a specified price per MWh c PTC: Production Tax Credit c NCF: Net Capacity Factor c Off-takers: Utilities or end users willing to sign a ppa with the wind project c Load: All electrical demand
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Wind energy - 10/9/2010 Wind Farm development: Socio...

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